Occupation Summary

Urban and Regional Planners

O*NET 19-3051.00


Develop comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of jurisdictions, such as towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 22.14%.
Education Level:
Master's Degree. According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Public Service

  1. Design, promote, or administer government plans or policies affecting land use, zoning, public utilities, community facilities, housing, or transportation.
  2. Recommend approval, denial, or conditional approval of proposals.
  3. Create, prepare, or requisition graphic or narrative reports on land use data, including land area maps overlaid with geographic variables such as population density.
  4. Advise planning officials on project feasibility, cost-effectiveness, regulatory conformance, or possible alternatives.
  5. Conduct field investigations, surveys, impact studies, or other research to compile and analyze data on economic, social, regulatory, or physical factors affecting land use.
  6. Discuss with planning officials the purpose of land use projects, such as transportation, conservation, residential, commercial, industrial, or community use.
  7. Keep informed about economic or legal issues involved in zoning codes, building codes, or environmental regulations.
  8. Mediate community disputes or assist in developing alternative plans or recommendations for programs or projects.
  9. Coordinate work with economic consultants or architects during the formulation of plans or the design of large pieces of infrastructure.
  10. Review and evaluate environmental impact reports pertaining to private or public planning projects or programs.
  11. Supervise or coordinate the work of urban planning technicians or technologists.
  12. Hold public meetings with government officials, social scientists, lawyers, developers, the public, or special interest groups to formulate, develop, or address issues regarding land use or community plans.
  13. Advocate for sustainability to community groups, government agencies, the general public, or special interest groups.
  14. Develop plans for public or alternative transportation systems for urban or regional locations to reduce carbon output associated with transportation.
  15. Evaluate proposals for infrastructure projects or other development for environmental impact or sustainability.
  16. Identify opportunities or develop plans for sustainability projects or programs to improve energy efficiency, minimize pollution or waste, or restore natural systems.
  17. Determine the effects of regulatory limitations on land use projects.
  18. Assess the feasibility of land use proposals and identify necessary changes.
  19. Investigate property availability for purposes of development.

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National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Urban and Regional Planners employed Annual Growth Rate
Management and technical consulting services 3.2 3.15

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $33.21
2018 National average hourly wage $36.65
2016 National employment 36,000
2016 Texas employment 2,159
Texas projected employment by 2026 2,637
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 239

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Law and Government
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Systems Analysis
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Active Learning
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • Developing Objectives and Strategies
    -- Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization
    -- Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public
    -- Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
    -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Other Activities

  • Advise clients and customers on technical matters
  • Advise governmental personnel
  • Advise internal stakeholders on technical matters
  • Advise persons on rural or urban land use
  • Advise planning officials concerning regional or urban projects
  • Analyze ecosystem data
  • Analyze project proposals to determine feasibility, cost, or time
  • Analyze scientific or investigative findings
  • Analyze social or economic data
  • Attend professional conferences and events
  • Collaborate with professionals or peers from other disciplines and backgrounds
  • Collaborate with stakeholders to incorporate requirements into contracts
  • Collect scientific or technical data
  • Collect social or personal information
  • Collect statistical data
  • Communicate technical or scientific information
  • Compile data on economic, social, or physical factors affecting land use
  • Compile numerical or statistical data
  • Conduct field research
  • Conduct forestry, range, or other public land management
  • Conduct informational presentations
  • Conduct interviews to gather information
  • Conduct long-term forest or range land planning
  • Conduct organizational studies
  • Conduct plant location surveys
  • Confer with community groups or authorities
  • Create mathematical or statistical diagrams, charts, or tables
  • Determine regulatory limitations on project
  • Develop complex computer databases
  • Develop informational maps or charts
  • Develop life, physical, or social science policies, procedures, or standards
  • Develop plans for programs or projects
  • Develop project performance objectives
  • Develop public policies, procedures, or standards
  • Develop real estate property
  • Develop simple informational data repositories or databases
  • Develop transportation or logistical policies, procedures, or standards
  • Direct highway transportation activities
  • Direct implementation of new procedures, policies, or programs
  • Direct scientific, research, or investigative studies
  • Discuss conservation or related land use plans with property users
  • Encourage group and organizational participation
  • Ensure conformance to building regulations
  • Establish relationships with external agencies and community organizations
  • Evaluate impact of governmental regulations or laws
  • Evaluate information in documents or manuscripts
  • Explain complex mathematical information
  • Explain rules, policies, laws or regulations
  • Explain traffic or transportation situations
  • Identify interrelationships among individuals or social groups
  • Identify interrelationships among social statistics or indicators
  • Identify problems using mathematical or statistical methods
  • Interpret charts or tables for social or economic research
  • Interpret laws or legislation
  • Maintain awareness of social trends
  • Maintain complex computer databases
  • Maintain cooperative working relationships with community service organizations
  • Maintain physical building or grounds of property
  • Maintain relationships with external agencies, organizations, and communities
  • Manage projects to keep within time, cost, and quality guidelines
  • Monitor public transportation and transit systems operation
  • Negotiate with federal, state, or public agencies
  • Negotiate with political or community organizations
  • Observe vehicular or pedestrian traffic
  • Obtain land survey data using surveying instruments
  • Operate computers to enter, calculate, access, and retrieve data
  • Operate Geographical Information System (GIS) software
  • Oversee execution of organizational or program policies
  • Perform continuing education to maintain licenses, certifications, qualifications, and knowledge currency
  • Perform cost benefit analysis
  • Perform scientific research
  • Perform statistical analysis or modeling
  • Plan conferences or events
  • Plan ecological projects such as forestation, reforestation, or range revegetation
  • Plan meetings
  • Plan scientific, research, or investigative studies
  • Plan surveys of specified group or area
  • Plan work schedules
  • Prepare business, operational, or managerial reports
  • Prepare technical or scientific reports
  • Provide expert testimony
  • Recommend further study or action based on research data
  • Research information using library or Internet
  • Research property records
  • Resolve worker or organizational conflicts or grievances
  • Review laws for understanding and application
  • Review traffic routing or control plans
  • Solicit support from officials
  • Solicit support from the general public
  • Supervise subordinate personnel or contractors
  • Write business project or bid proposals
  • Write research or project grant proposals
  • Write scholarly or technical research documents

  • Achievement
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Relationships
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.


Global positioning system GPS receiver: Global positioning system GPS receivers;

Laser printers: Laser printers;

Notebook computers: Notebook computers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;


Analytical or scientific software: Citilabs TRANPLAN; ESRI What if?; Location allocation decision support system LADSS software; Scientific Software Group ModTech; Transportation planning software;

Compliance software: Accela PERMITS Plus; Accela Tidemark Advantage;

Computer aided design CAD software: 3D urban simulation modeling software; Autodesk 3ds Max Design; Autodesk AutoCAD MAP3D; Autodesk AutoCAD software; Bentley MicroStation; Caliper TransCAD; Google SketchUp software; CommunityViz; Computer aided design CAD software; UrbanSim software; Static 3D GIS software; Tangible Media Group Luminous Table; SolidWorks CAD software; MultiGen Paradigm 3D GIS; Navigable 3D GIS software; e-on software;

Data base user interface and query software: Microsoft Access; Structured query language SQL; Database software;

Data mining software: Data mining software;

Desktop communications software: RhinoSoft FTP Voyager;

Desktop publishing software: Desktop publishing software; Adobe Systems Adobe InDesign; Adobe Systems Adobe PageMaker;

Document management software: Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat; Vignette software; Interwoven software;

Electronic mail software: IBM Lotus Notes; Microsoft Outlook;

Enterprise application integration software: Extensible markup language XML;

Enterprise resource planning ERP software: Accela KIVA DMS; SAP software; WorkTech MAXIMO;

Graphics or photo imaging software: Adobe Systems Adobe Freehand; Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software; Graphics software;

Internet browser software: Web browser software;

Map creation software: RockWare ArcMap; Spatial decision support systems SDSS software; PlanGraphics Citywide GIS Utility; ITC Integrated Land and Water Information System ILWIS; ITSpatial InterSCOPE; Intergraph MGE; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE; Geomechanical design analysis GDA software; ESRI software; ESRI ArcGIS software; ESRI ArcInfo; ESRI ArcView; Criterion Planners INDEX; Arc software;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Presentation software: Presentation software; Microsoft PowerPoint;

Project management software: Microsoft Project; Oracle Primavera Systems software;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel; Spreadsheet software; IBM Lotus 1-2-3;

Time accounting software: Sage Timeslips;

Web page creation and editing software: Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver;

Web platform development software: Hypertext markup language HTML;

Word processing software: Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Urban and Regional Planners include:
  • 17-1011.00 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval
  • 11-9041.00 Architectural and Engineering Managers
  • 19-4061.01 City and Regional Planning Aides
  • 19-3092.00 Geographers
  • 25-1064.00 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary
  • 15-1199.04 Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists
  • 13-1081.02 Logistics Analysts
  • 19-2099.01 Remote Sensing Scientists and Technologists
  • 11-3071.01 Transportation Managers
  • 19-3099.01 Transportation Planners

Sources of Additional Information
  • For more information about careers in urban and regional planning, visit: American Planning Association
  • For more information about certification in urban and regional planning, visit: American Institute of Certified Planners
  • For more information about New Jersey licensure in planning, visit: New Jersey State Board of Professional Planners
  • For more information about accredited urban and regional planning programs, visit: Planning Accreditation Board
  • Urban and Regional Planners

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.