Occupation Summary

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers

O*NET 51-4121.00


Use hand-welding, flame-cutting, hand-soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 23.17%.
Education Level:
High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED). According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Weld components in flat, vertical, or overhead positions.
  2. Operate safety equipment and use safe work habits.
  3. Examine workpieces for defects and measure workpieces with straightedges or templates to ensure conformance with specifications.
  4. Recognize, set up, and operate hand and power tools common to the welding trade, such as shielded metal arc and gas metal arc welding equipment.
  5. Weld separately or in combination, using aluminum, stainless steel, cast iron, and other alloys.
  6. Select and install torches, torch tips, filler rods, and flux, according to welding chart specifications or types and thicknesses of metals.
  7. Ignite torches or start power supplies and strike arcs by touching electrodes to metals being welded, completing electrical circuits.
  8. Connect and turn regulator valves to activate and adjust gas flow and pressure so that desired flames are obtained.
  9. Determine required equipment and welding methods, applying knowledge of metallurgy, geometry, and welding techniques.
  10. Monitor the fitting, burning, and welding processes to avoid overheating of parts or warping, shrinking, distortion, or expansion of material.
  11. Mark or tag material with proper job number, piece marks, and other identifying marks as required.
  12. Chip or grind off excess weld, slag, or spatter, using hand scrapers or power chippers, portable grinders, or arc-cutting equipment.
  13. Prepare all material surfaces to be welded, ensuring that there is no loose or thick scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, or other foreign matter.
  14. Preheat workpieces prior to welding or bending, using torches or heating furnaces.
  15. Align and clamp workpieces together, using rules, squares, or hand tools, or position items in fixtures, jigs, or vises.
  16. Develop templates and models for welding projects, using mathematical calculations based on blueprint information.
  17. Guide and direct flames or electrodes on or across workpieces to straighten, bend, melt, or build up metal.
  18. Position and secure workpieces, using hoists, cranes, wire, and banding machines or hand tools.
  19. Detect faulty operation of equipment or defective materials and notify supervisors.
  20. Clean or degrease parts, using wire brushes, portable grinders, or chemical baths.
  21. Melt and apply solder along adjoining edges of workpieces to solder joints, using soldering irons, gas torches, or electric-ultrasonic equipment.
  22. Grind, cut, buff, or bend edges of workpieces to be joined to ensure snug fit, using power grinders and hand tools.
  23. Repair products by dismantling, straightening, reshaping, and reassembling parts, using cutting torches, straightening presses, and hand tools.
  24. Check grooves, angles, or gap allowances, using micrometers, calipers, and precision measuring instruments.
  25. Operate metal shaping, straightening, and bending machines, such as brakes and shears.
  26. Set up and use ladders and scaffolding as necessary to complete work.
  27. Hammer out bulges or bends in metal workpieces.
  28. Melt and apply solder to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products, using soldering equipment.
  29. Use fire suppression methods in industrial emergencies.
  30. Analyze engineering drawings, blueprints, specifications, sketches, work orders, and material safety data sheets to plan layout, assembly, and operations.

National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers employed Annual Growth Rate
Motor vehicle body and trailer manufacturing 5.2 0.75
Building foundation and exterior contractors 3.5 0.53
Machine shops; turned product; and screw, nut, and bolt manufacturing 3.5 1.11
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance 3.4 1.70
Employment services 3.4 1.28
Ship and boat building 3 -1.88
Utility system construction 2.9 0.56
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 2.8 1.07
Building equipment contractors 2.3 0.41
Nonresidential building construction 2.1 0.57

Labor Market Information

2021 Statewide average hourly wage $24.31
2021 National average hourly wage $23.21
2020 National employment 418,200
2020 Texas employment 48,334
Texas projected employment by 2030 59,531
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2030 6,792

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Quality Control Analysis
Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Operations Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials
    -- Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    -- Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Handling and Moving Objects
    -- Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
  • Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
    -- Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Other Activities

  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
  • Working Conditions
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.


Adjustable widemouth pliers: Adjustable widemouth pliers;

Adjustable wrenches: Adjustable wrenches;

Alternating current AC arc welder: Underwater welding equipment;

Anvils: Anvils;

Bench vises: Vises;

Blow torch: Propane torches; Motorized cutting torches; Oxyacetylene torches; Pattern cutting torches;

Calipers: Vernier calipers; Calipers;

Cutting die: Metal cutting dies;

Deburring tool: Deburring tools;

Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Direct current DC arc welder: Mobile welding units;

Drill press or radial drill: Punch presses; Portable magnetic drill presses; Drill presses;

Electrode holder: Underwater electrode holders; Welding electrode holders;

Flame cutting machine: Semiautomatic flame-cutting equipment;

Flow sensors: Gas flow measurement instruments;

Forklifts: Forklifts;

Frequency converters: Current converters;

Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus: Oxyacetylene welding equipment; Rod ovens; Storage ovens and hot boxes;

Goggles: Goggles;

Hacksaw: Hacksaws;

Hammers: Hammers; Hand chipping hammers;

Hand clamps: Hand clamps;

Hoists: Electric overhead hoists;

Hydraulic press brake: Metal benders;

Hydraulic press frames: Hydraulic presses;

Impact wrenches: Impact wrenches;

Induction heaters: Heating coils;

Jacks: Hydraulic jacks;

Ladders: Ladders;

Laser printers: Laser printers;

Laser welding machine: Laser welders;

Levels: Levels;

Light trucks or sport utility vehicles: Light trucks;

Manlift or personnel lift: Hydraulic truck lifts; Swing stages;

Manual press brake: Brakes;

Metal band sawing machine: Bandsaws;

Metal inert gas welding machine: Metal inert gas MIG welders; Wirefeed welders;

Metal slitting saw: Slitters;

Metal stamps: Metal markers;

Microcontrollers: Computerized numerical control CNC programmable welding robot controllers;

Micrometers: Micrometers;

Mill saw file: Single-cut mill saw files;

Milling machines: Milling machines;

Nibblers: Nibblers;

Notebook computers: Notebook computers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Pipe or tube cutter: Pipe cutters;

Plasma arc welding machine: Plasma welders;

Pneumatic drill: Air drills;

Pneumatic hammer: Air chisels;

Pneumatic sanding machines: Air scalers;

Positioning jig: Jigs; Soldering jigs;

Potentiometers: Potentiometers;

Power buffers: Buffers;

Power chippers: Power chippers;

Power drills: Power drills;

Power grinders: Power grinders; Grinding machines;

Power saws: Cutoff saws; Power saws; Reciprocating saws;

Pressure or steam cleaners: Steam cleaning equipment;

Protective gloves: Waterproof gloves;

Protractors: Angle finders; Protractors;

Pry bars: Pinchbars; Pry bars;

Pullers: Comealongs;

Punches or nail sets or drifts: Punches;

Pyrometers: Surface contact pyrometers;

Ratchets: Ratchets;

Respiration air supplying self contained breathing apparatus or accessories: Self-contained breathing apparatus;

Respirators: Respirator hose masks;

Rulers: Rulers;

Safety glasses: Welding lenses;

Scaffolding: Scaffolding;

Screwdrivers: Screwdrivers;

Scribers: Scribers;

Shears: Shears; Unishears;

Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine: Shielded arc welding tools; Portable gas operated arc welders;

Socket sets: Socket wrench sets;

Soldering iron: Soldering irons;

Speed sensors: Wire feed rate measurement instruments;

Spot welding machine: Welding guns; Resistance welding equipment;

Squares: Squares;

Straight edges: Straightedges;

Tape measures: Tape measures;

Taps: Metal cutting taps;

Temperature gauge: Temperature gauges;

Templates: Templates;

Thickness measuring devices: Fillet weld gauges;

Threading machine: Electric pipe threaders;

Threading taps: Hand pipe threaders;

Tinners snips: Tin snips;

Tongs: Tongs;

Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe: Lathes;

Track cranes: Overhead cranes;

Tube bending machine: Tube benders;

Tungsten inert gas welding machine: Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment; Heliarc welding equipment;

Two way radios: Two way radios;

Ultrasonic welding machine: Ultrasonic soldering equipment; Ultrasonic welding equipment;

Utility knives: Utility knives;

Voltage or current meters: Arc voltage measurement instruments; Welding current measurement instruments;

Welder torch: Brazing equipment; Welding torches;

Welding electrode: Welding electrodes; Underwater electrodes;

Welding generator: Direct current DC sources;

Welding masks: Welding masks; Welding shields; Hand shields;

Welding or cutting tip: Torch tips; Welding tips;

Welding robots: Welding robots;

Welding wire: Electrode wires;

Wetsuits: Dive suits;

Winches: Winches;

Wire brushes: Power wire brushes; Wire brushes;

Wire cutters: Wire cutters;

Workshop cranes: Jibs; Workshop cranes;


Analytical or scientific software: Fred's Tip Cartridge Picker; Scientific Software Group Filter Drain FD; Value Analysis;

Calendar and scheduling software: OmniFleet Equipment Maintenance Management;

Computer aided design CAD software: EZ Pipe;

Data base user interface and query software: Oracle software; Recordkeeping software;

Electronic mail software: Microsoft Outlook; IBM Notes;

Enterprise resource planning ERP software: Enterprise resource planning ERP software;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office;

Operating system software: Microsoft Windows;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers include:
  • 51-2011.00 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers
  • 47-2011.00 Boilermakers
  • 49-2092.00 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
  • 51-2022.00 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers
  • 51-2031.00 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers
  • 51-4191.00 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 49-9041.00 Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  • 51-2041.00 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters
  • 51-4194.00 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners
  • 51-4122.00 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

Contact Texas Workforce Commission
Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.