Occupation Summary

Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists

O*NET 15-1199.04


Research or develop geospatial technologies. May produce databases, perform applications programming, or coordinate projects. May specialize in areas such as agriculture, mining, health care, retail trade, urban planning, or military intelligence.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 15.78%.
Education Level:
Bachelor's Degree. According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry, Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM)

  1. Perform integrated or computerized Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analyses to address scientific problems.
  2. Develop specialized computer software routines, internet-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) databases, or business applications to customize geographic information.
  3. Provide technical support for computer-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) mapping software.
  4. Create visual representations of geospatial data using complex procedures, such as analytical modeling, three-dimensional renderings, or plot creation.
  5. Perform computer programming, data analysis, or software development for Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applications, including the maintenance of existing systems or research and development for future enhancements.
  6. Assist users in formulating Geographic Information Systems (GIS) requirements or understanding the implications of alternatives.
  7. Collect, compile, or integrate Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data, such as remote sensing or cartographic data for inclusion in map manuscripts.
  8. Conduct or coordinate research, data analysis, systems design, or support for software such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) or Global Positioning Systems (GPS) mapping software.
  9. Design, program, or model Geographic Information Systems (GIS) applications or procedures.
  10. Document, design, code, or test Geographic Information Systems (GIS) models, internet mapping solutions, or other applications.
  11. Make recommendations regarding upgrades considering implications of new or revised Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software, equipment, or applications.
  12. Produce data layers, maps, tables, or reports, using spatial analysis procedures or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology, equipment, or systems.
  13. Coordinate the development or administration of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) projects, including the development of technical priorities, client reporting and interface, or coordination and review of schedules and budgets.
  14. Read current literature, talk with colleagues, continue education, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology, equipment, or systems.
  15. Lead, train, or supervise technicians or related staff in the conduct of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analytical procedures.
  16. Prepare training materials for or make presentations to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) users.
  17. Provide technical expertise in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology to clients or users.
  18. Create, edit, or analyze geospatial data, using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) or digitizing techniques.
  19. Create, analyze, report, convert, or transfer data, using specialized applications program software.
  20. Conduct feasibility studies or identify system, time, equipment, or cost requirements for projects.
  21. Coordinate or direct research or publication activities of technicians or related staff.
  22. Meet with clients to discuss topics such as technical specifications, customized solutions, or operational problems.
  23. Apply three-dimensional (3D) or four-dimensional (4D) technologies to geospatial data to allow for new or different analyses or applications.
  24. Develop new applications for geospatial technology in areas such as farmland preservation, pollution measurement, or utilities operations management.

National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists employed Annual Growth Rate
Computer systems design and related services 14.9 1.81
Management and technical consulting services 3.1 2.30
Software publishers 2.2 1.60

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $43.41
2018 National average hourly wage $44.88
2016 National employment 287,200
2016 Texas employment 17,241
Texas projected employment by 2026 19,961
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 1,495

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Active Learning
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Systems Analysis
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • Interacting With Computers
    -- Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Processing Information
    -- Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge
    -- Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
    -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
Other Activities

  • Advise business or operational personnel
  • Advise clients and customers on technical matters
  • Advise governmental personnel
  • Advise internal stakeholders on technical matters
  • Analyze business problems
  • Analyze computer systems
  • Analyze spatial data
  • Analyze technical designs or specifications
  • Analyze technical problems
  • Attend professional conferences and events
  • Calculate differential equations
  • Collect scientific or technical data
  • Communicate technical or scientific information
  • Compile numerical or statistical data
  • Conduct computer diagnostics
  • Conduct informational presentations
  • Confer with engineering personnel
  • Confer with instructors or trainers
  • Confer with research personnel
  • Configure computer network settings
  • Configure computer operating systems
  • Configure data center applications and controls
  • Create mathematical or statistical diagrams, charts, or tables
  • Define project scope
  • Design business plans
  • Design computer hardware
  • Design computer hardware systems
  • Design computer programming tools
  • Design data processing systems
  • Design data security systems
  • Design electronic equipment
  • Design software or user interface
  • Develop computer performance standards
  • Develop computer, network, or database policies, procedures, or standards
  • Develop instructional programs
  • Develop mathematical ideas or interpretations
  • Develop mathematical simulation models
  • Develop new products based on scientific research
  • Develop plans for programs or projects
  • Develop simple financial data repositories or databases
  • Develop simple informational data repositories or databases
  • Develop simple operational data repositories or databases
  • Direct scientific, research, or investigative studies
  • Employ computer application flow charts
  • Establish project requirements
  • Evaluate computer system user requests or requirements
  • Evaluate prototype software
  • Explain complex mathematical information
  • Forecast phenomena based on statistical or mathematical research data
  • Identify problems using mathematical or statistical methods
  • Identify software needed for specific project or task
  • Implement changes in computer systems
  • Index information resources
  • Install computer programs
  • Interpret technical information from data, reports, and related documents
  • Maintain complex computer databases
  • Maintain physical security of classified data
  • Maintain physical security of classified hardware or software
  • Manage project life cycle
  • Manage projects to keep within time, cost, and quality guidelines
  • Monitor computer operation
  • Monitor project risk mitigation plan
  • Monitor project scope guidelines
  • Monitor use of computer data files to safeguard information
  • Obtain information from stakeholders or constituents
  • Operate computers to enter, calculate, access, and retrieve data
  • Operate Geographical Information System (GIS) software
  • Perform continuing education to maintain licenses, certifications, qualifications, and knowledge currency
  • Perform scientific research
  • Plan computer security measures
  • Plan scientific, research, or investigative studies
  • Prepare recommendations based upon research
  • Prepare technical or scientific reports
  • Present research papers or dissertations
  • Program computer numerical controlled machines
  • Provide technical support and information
  • Recommend software or hardware purchases
  • Research information using library or Internet
  • Route computer output to specified users
  • Set-up computer numerical control machines
  • Solve computer hardware problems
  • Solve computer program or software problems
  • Solve engineering or science problems
  • Store data to avoid data loss
  • Supervise subordinate personnel or contractors
  • Test computer programs or systems
  • Test data communications systems
  • Train workers in use of equipment or computers
  • Troubleshoot complex computer hardware problems
  • Verify completeness or accuracy of data
  • Write business project or bid proposals
  • Write computer programs or code
  • Write documentation for computer programming or operation
  • Write scholarly or technical research documents
  • Write technical specifications for computer systems
  • Write technical specifications for software or applications

  • Achievement
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.


Computer servers: Computer servers;

Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Global positioning system GPS receiver: Global positioning system GPS receivers;

Notebook computers: Laptop computers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Radarbased surveillance systems: Light detection and ranging LIDAR systems; Synthetic aperture radar SAR;


Analytical or scientific software: Agronomic modeling software; Coordinate geometry COGO software; ESRI ArcGIS Spatial Analyst; Hydrological modeling software; Landmark Graphics GeoGraphix software; SAS software; The MathWorks MATLAB;

Application server software: ESRI ArcSDE;

Computer aided design CAD software: Computer aided design and drafting CADD software; Autodesk AutoCAD software; Bentley Microstation;

Data base user interface and query software: ADO.NET; Microsoft Access; Microsoft SQL Server; dBASE; Soil Survey Geographic SSURGO; State Soil Geographic STATSGO Database; Structured query language SQL; National Land Cover Database NLCD; Oracle software;

Development environment software: Microsoft Visual Basic; Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications VBA; Formula translation/translator FORTRAN; List processing language LISP; Adobe Systems Adobe ActionScript;

Graphics or photo imaging software: Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks; Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software;

Internet browser software: Web browser software;

Map creation software: ITT Visual Information Solutions ENVI; CDA International Manifold System; ESRI ArcGIS software; ESRI ArcInfo; ESRI ArcPad; Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE;

Mobile location based services software: Global positioning system GPS software;

Object or component oriented development software: Microsoft Visual C#; C++; Practical extraction and reporting language Perl; Python; R; Sun Microsystems Java;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Presentation software: Microsoft PowerPoint;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel;

Web platform development software: Hypertext markup language HTML; Microsoft ASP.NET; Drupal;

Word processing software: Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Geospatial Information Scientists and Technologists include:
  • 19-4061.01 City and Regional Planning Aides
  • 13-1051.00 Cost Estimators
  • 15-1199.05 Geographic Information Systems Technicians
  • 19-2042.00 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers
  • 15-1122.00 Information Security Analysts
  • 13-1081.02 Logistics Analysts
  • 13-1161.00 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists
  • 19-2099.01 Remote Sensing Scientists and Technologists
  • 15-1133.00 Software Developers, Systems Software
  • 19-3099.01 Transportation Planners

No sources of additional information found.

Contact Texas Workforce Commission
Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.