Occupation Summary


O*NET 17-1022.00


Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 24.12%.
Education Level:
Bachelor's Degree. According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry, Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM)

  1. Prepare and maintain sketches, maps, reports, and legal descriptions of surveys to describe, certify, and assume liability for work performed.
  2. Verify the accuracy of survey data including measurements and calculations conducted at survey sites.
  3. Direct or conduct surveys to establish legal boundaries for properties, based on legal deeds and titles.
  4. Record the results of surveys including the shape, contour, location, elevation, and dimensions of land or land features.
  5. Calculate heights, depths, relative positions, property lines, and other characteristics of terrain.
  6. Prepare or supervise preparation of all data, charts, plots, maps, records, and documents related to surveys.
  7. Write descriptions of property boundary surveys for use in deeds, leases, or other legal documents.
  8. Plan and conduct ground surveys designed to establish baselines, elevations, and other geodetic measurements.
  9. Search legal records, survey records, and land titles to obtain information about property boundaries in areas to be surveyed.
  10. Coordinate findings with the work of engineering and architectural personnel, clients, and others concerned with projects.
  11. Adjust surveying instruments to maintain their accuracy.
  12. Establish fixed points for use in making maps, using geodetic and engineering instruments.
  13. Determine longitudes and latitudes of important features and boundaries in survey areas using theodolites, transits, levels, and satellite-based global positioning systems (GPS).
  14. Train assistants and helpers, and direct their work in such activities as performing surveys or drafting maps.
  15. Analyze survey objectives and specifications to prepare survey proposals or to direct others in survey proposal preparation.
  16. Compute geodetic measurements and interpret survey data to determine positions, shapes, and elevations of geomorphic and topographic features.
  17. Develop criteria for survey methods and procedures.
  18. Develop criteria for the design and modification of survey instruments.
  19. Conduct research in surveying and mapping methods using knowledge of techniques of photogrammetric map compilation and electronic data processing.
  20. Locate and mark sites selected for geophysical prospecting activities such as efforts to locate petroleum or other mineral products.
  21. Survey bodies of water to determine navigable channels and to secure data for construction of breakwaters, piers, and other marine structures.
  22. Direct aerial surveys of specified geographical areas.
  23. Determine specifications for photographic equipment to be used for aerial photography, as well as altitudes from which to photograph terrain.

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National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Surveyors employed Annual Growth Rate
Highway, street, and bridge construction 2.7 1.55

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $28.84
2018 National average hourly wage $31.94
2016 National employment 44,800
2016 Texas employment 4,213
Texas projected employment by 2026 5,229
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 432

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Law and Government
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Using mathematics to solve problems.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    -- Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interacting With Computers
    -- Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Documenting/Recording Information
    -- Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Processing Information
    -- Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Other Activities

  • Advise clients and customers on technical matters
  • Advise internal stakeholders on technical matters
  • Analyze scientific or investigative findings
  • Analyze spatial data
  • Analyze technical designs or specifications
  • Bid work projects
  • Calculate grades and elevations
  • Collect scientific or technical data
  • Communicate technical or scientific information
  • Conduct business, market, or managerial research
  • Conduct forestry, range, or other public land management
  • Conduct geological surveys
  • Conduct long-term forest or range land planning
  • Conduct physical science research
  • Conduct plant location surveys
  • Conduct topographical surveys
  • Create drafting or mechanical drawings
  • Determine dimensions or characteristics using measuring devices
  • Determine geometric properties of objects from photographic images
  • Determine project methods and procedures
  • Develop informational maps or charts
  • Develop sales or marketing strategies
  • Direct geological surveys
  • Edit documents for completeness, accuracy, or conformance to standards
  • Estimate engineering project costs
  • Estimate project costs
  • Estimate project time requirements
  • Evaluate costs of completed projects
  • Evaluate employee performance
  • Identify problems using mathematical or statistical methods
  • Identify training needs
  • Interpret aerial photographs
  • Interpret information from blueprints, diagrams, schematics, or technical drawings
  • Interpret information from maps or drawings for architecture, construction, or engineering projects
  • Judge distances between two points
  • Locate positions with geographic coordinates
  • Maintain business or financial records, reports, or files
  • Manage projects to keep within time, cost, and quality guidelines
  • Monitor operations to detect problems
  • Obtain land survey data using surveying instruments
  • Operate computers to enter, calculate, access, and retrieve data
  • Operate Geographic Positioning System (GPS) equipment
  • Perform continuing education to maintain licenses, certifications, qualifications, and knowledge currency
  • Perform scientific research
  • Plan surveys of specified group or area
  • Prepare technical or scientific reports
  • Research property records
  • Review engineering information from data or reports
  • Review maps
  • Solve engineering or science problems
  • Supervise subordinate personnel or contractors
  • Train workers in use of equipment or computers

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Relationships
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.


Barometers: Barometers;

Clinometers: Clinometers;

Distance meters: Distance meters; Telescopic viewers;

Electromagnetic geophysical instruments: Magnetic locators;

Extension pole: Prism poles;

Geological compasses: Pocket transits; Geological compasses;

Global positioning system GPS receiver: Integrated global positioning systems GPS; Global positioning system GPS receivers;

Height gauges: Abney levels; Altimeters;

Instrument tripods: Elevator tripods; Tripods; Robotic tripods;

Interferometers: Tracking lasers;

Laser measuring systems: Automatic slope lasers; Line lasers; Handheld measuring lasers;

Lasers: Rotary lasers; Visible beam lasers; Dot lasers; Invisible beam lasers;

Level sensors or transmitters: Transit levels;

Levels: Hand levels; Electronic digital levels; Automatic levels;

Machetes: Machetes;

Map measurers: Curvimeters; Planimeters;

Measuring rods: Digital measuring poles; Direct elevation rods; Measuring rods; Philadelphia rods; Surveyors leveling rods; San Francisco rods; Rod levels;

Measuring tapes: Depth gauge tapes;

Measuring wheels for distance: Road measuring wheels;

Notebook computers: Laptop computers;

Optical calibration sets: Tribrachs;

Personal computers: Pocket personal computers PC;

Plumb bobs: Laser plumb bobs; Plumb bobs;

Prisms: Right-angle prisms; Double right-angle prisms;

Rangefinders: Digital laser rangefinders;

Scanners: Laser scanners;

Sonars: Side scan sonars;

Sonometers: Single-beam echo sounders; Single-beam transducers;

Tape measures: Gammon reels; Measuring tapes;

Theodolites: Prismless total stations; Reflectorless total stations; Robotic total stations; Total stations; Mechanical theodolites; Long range reflectorless total stations; Electronic digital theodolites;

Two way radios: Two way radios;

Video attachments for microscopes: Stereoscopes;


Analytical or scientific software: CE Surveyor III software; Carlson SurvCE; Geocomp Systems GeoNav; Geodetic software; HYPACK HYSWEEP; HYPACK MAX; MicroSurvey FieldGenius; Sokkia G2; Surface modeling software; Survey software; Sokkia Spectrum Survey Suite;

Application server software: CloudWorks;

Computer aided design CAD software: CMT Incorporated CogoCAD; Bentley MicroStation; Carlson SurvCADD; Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D; Autodesk AutoCAD Land Desktop; Autodesk AutoCAD software; MicroSurvey software; Trimble Terramodel;

Data base user interface and query software: Data logging software;

Data conversion software: Cyclone;

Document management software: Data transfer software;

Graphics or photo imaging software: Bentley GeoPak Bridge;

Information retrieval or search software: Topographic database software;

Internet browser software: Internet browser software;

Map creation software: Geomechanical design analysis GDA software; PC-Mapper software; Bentley InRoads software; Cadcorp desktop GIS; Drafting software; ESRI ArcGIS software; ESRI ArcView; Carlson Survey; Trimble HydroPro; Sokkia Imap;

Mobile location based services software: Global positioning system GPS software;

Office suite software: Latitude software; Microsoft Office software;

Project management software: Project analysis and costing software; Project data integration software; Crones & Associations Project Tracker Pro;

Route navigation software: NOAA Shoreline Data Explorer;

Spreadsheet software: Spreadsheet software; Microsoft Excel;

Time accounting software: Sharetech Tabs Plus;

Word processing software: Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Surveyors include:
  • 17-2051.00 Civil Engineers
  • 11-9021.00 Construction Managers
  • 17-3025.00 Environmental Engineering Technicians
  • 19-4091.00 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health
  • 47-1011.00 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers
  • 19-4093.00 Forest and Conservation Technicians
  • 17-1022.01 Geodetic Surveyors
  • 19-4099.02 Precision Agriculture Technicians
  • 19-1031.01 Soil and Water Conservationists
  • 17-3031.01 Surveying Technicians

Sources of Additional Information
  • For information about surveying, career opportunities, and licensure requirements, visit: National Society of Professional Surveyors
  • National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying
  • For information about a career as a geodetic surveyor, visit: American Association for Geodetic Surveying
  • For a list of schools offering accredited programs, visit: ABET
  • Geodetic Surveyors
  • Surveyors

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.