Occupation Summary


O*NET 25-4021.00


Administer libraries and perform related library services. Work in a variety of settings, including public libraries, educational institutions, museums, corporations, government agencies, law firms, non-profit organizations, and healthcare providers. Tasks may include selecting, acquiring, cataloguing, classifying, circulating, and maintaining library materials; and furnishing reference, bibliographical, and readers' advisory services. May perform in-depth, strategic research, and synthesize, analyze, edit, and filter information. May set up or work with databases and information systems to catalogue and access information.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 17.68%.
Education Level:
Master's Degree. According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Public Service

  1. Search standard reference materials, including online sources and the Internet, to answer patrons' reference questions.
  2. Analyze patrons' requests to determine needed information and assist in furnishing or locating that information.
  3. Check books in and out of the library.
  4. Explain use of library facilities, resources, equipment, and services and provide information about library policies.
  5. Code, classify, and catalog books, publications, films, audio-visual aids, and other library materials based on subject matter or standard library classification systems.
  6. Locate unusual or unique information in response to specific requests.
  7. Direct and train library staff in duties, such as receiving, shelving, researching, cataloging, and equipment use.
  8. Respond to customer complaints, taking action as necessary.
  9. Organize collections of books, publications, documents, audio-visual aids, and other reference materials for convenient access.
  10. Develop library policies and procedures.
  11. Evaluate materials to determine outdated or unused items to be discarded.
  12. Plan and deliver client-centered programs and services, such as special services for corporate clients, storytelling for children, newsletters, or programs for special groups.
  13. Compile lists of books, periodicals, articles, and audio-visual materials on particular subjects.
  14. Arrange for interlibrary loans of materials not available in a particular library.
  15. Assemble and arrange display materials.
  16. Compile lists of overdue materials and notify borrowers that their materials are overdue.
  17. Design information storage and retrieval systems and develop procedures for collecting, organizing, interpreting, and classifying information.
  18. Negotiate contracts for library services, materials, and equipment.
  19. Provide input into the architectural planning of library facilities.
  20. Collect and organize books, pamphlets, manuscripts, and other materials in specific fields, such as rare books, genealogy, or music.
  21. Plan and participate in fundraising drives.
  22. Perform public relations work for the library, such as giving televised book reviews and community talks.
  23. Write proposals for research or project grants.
  24. Teach library patrons basic computer skills, such as searching computerized databases.
  25. Plan and teach classes on topics such as information literacy, library instruction, and technology use.
  26. Review and evaluate materials, using book reviews, catalogs, faculty recommendations, and current holdings to select and order print, audio-visual, and electronic resources.
  27. Confer with colleagues, faculty, and community members and organizations to conduct informational programs, make collection decisions, and determine library services to offer.
  28. Develop, maintain, and troubleshoot information access aids, such as databases, annotated bibliographies, web pages, electronic pathfinders, software programs, and online tutorials.
  29. Evaluate vendor products and performance, negotiate contracts, and place orders.
  30. Engage in professional development activities, such as taking continuing education classes and attending or participating in conferences, workshops, professional meetings, and associations.
  31. Represent library or institution on internal and external committees.
  32. Develop and maintain databases that provide information for library users.
  33. Keep up-to-date records of circulation and materials, maintain inventory, and correct cataloging errors.
  34. Supervise daily library operations, budgeting, planning, and personnel activities, such as hiring, training, scheduling, and performance evaluations.
  35. Author or publish professional articles, internal documents, and instructional materials.
  36. Complete minor repairs and cleaning of library resources, equipment, and facilities, such as dusting and fixing printer paper jams.

Keyboard Shortcut Action
Space Pause/Play video playback
Enter Pause/Play video playback
M Mute/Unmute video volume
Up and Down arrows Increase and decrease volume by 10%
Right and Left arrows Seek forward or backward by 5 seconds
0-9 Fast to x% of the video
F Enter or exit fullscreen
Note: To exit fullscreen in Flash press the Esc key.

No Industry Employment Patterns found.

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $29.24
2018 National average hourly wage $29.58
2016 National employment 138,200
2016 Texas employment 10,659
Texas projected employment by 2026 12,543
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 1,255

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Law and Government
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
History and Archeology
Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Teaching others how to do something.
Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people.
Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Category Flexibility
The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interacting With Computers
    -- Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
    -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    -- Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Processing Information
    -- Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
Other Activities

  • Answer questions from customers or the public
  • Answer questions from employees or colleagues
  • Arrange library materials
  • Assemble advertising and merchandise displays
  • Assist patrons with locating files, reports, or miscellaneous literature
  • Assist public with the selection of books or literature
  • Assist public with using reference tools or finding materials
  • Assist with the development and execution of organizational or program polices
  • Attend professional conferences and events
  • Catalog materials or artifacts for reference
  • Classify information according to content or purpose
  • Communicate with others using social media
  • Compile bibliographies of specialized materials
  • Conduct fund raising activities
  • Conduct informational presentations
  • Confer with instructors or trainers
  • Confer with parents to determine student needs or develop programs
  • Consult with customers concerning needs
  • Cultivate program support through fund raising and gift giving
  • Design library displays
  • Develop complex computer databases
  • Develop information or index systems
  • Develop public policies, procedures, or standards
  • Develop simple informational data repositories or databases
  • Disseminate knowledge of literature, culture, languages, or historical material
  • Document provision of administrative services
  • Establish educational, instructional, or training policies, procedures, or standards
  • Evaluate information in documents or manuscripts
  • Evaluate reliability of source information
  • Index information resources
  • Interpret technical information from data, reports, and related documents
  • Investigate customer complaints
  • Maintain business or financial records, reports, or files
  • Maintain complex computer databases
  • Maintain educational or training-related records, reports, or files
  • Maintain historical materials
  • Maintain public records, reports, or files
  • Monitor library, museum, or institution resources
  • Negotiate business contracts
  • Operate audio-visual equipment
  • Operate computers to enter, calculate, access, and retrieve data
  • Order supplies, materials, or equipment
  • Organize reference materials
  • Perform continuing education to maintain licenses, certifications, qualifications, and knowledge currency
  • Provide assistance or direction to customers
  • Provide information about facilities
  • Purchase supplies, materials, or equipment
  • Record historical information
  • Research information using library or Internet
  • Resolve customer or public complaints
  • Store data to avoid data loss
  • Supervise subordinate personnel or contractors
  • Train workers in use of equipment or computers
  • Write research or project grant proposals

  • Relationships
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
  • Working Conditions
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.


Bar code reader equipment: Barcode scanners;

Cargo trucks: Bookmobiles;

Cash registers: Cash registers;

Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Digital video disk players or recorders: Digital video disk DVD players;

Film projectors: Film projectors;

Microfiche or microfilm viewers: Microfilm readers; Microfiche readers;

Microfiche reader printers: Microfilm printers;

Notebook computers: Laptop computers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Photocopiers: Photocopying equipment;

Public address systems: Public address PA systems;

Scanners: Scanners;

Special purpose telephones: Multi-line telephone systems;

Video cassette players or recorders: Video cassette recorders VCR;


Data base user interface and query software: Blackboard software; Database software; CatchTheWeb; Ex Libris Group Aleph; FileMaker Pro software; HTTrack; Inmagic TextWorks; Macropool Web Research; Microsoft Access; Microsoft Onfolio; National Library of Medicine Medline; Saora Keepoint; Thomson Scientific Dialog; askSam Systems SurfSaver;

Desktop publishing software: Desktop publishing software;

Document management software: Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat software;

Electronic mail software: Email software;

Enterprise application integration software: Extensible markup language XML;

Graphics or photo imaging software: Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software;

Information retrieval or search software: Classification Web; LexisNexis software; Westlaw;

Internet browser software: Web browser software;

Library software: WebClarity Software BookWhere; WorldCat; SirsiDynix Symphony; Surpass software; Online Computer Library Center OCLC; PrimaSoft PC Small Library Organizer Pro; RCL Software Media Library Manager; MC2 Systems Auto Librarian; National Library of Medicine DOCLINE; Innovative Interfaces Millennium; Kelowna Software L4U; Infovision Amlib; Inmagic Genie; Ex Libris Group Voyager; Dynix Digital Library; Electronic Online Systems International EOS.Web; CATNYP;

Object or component oriented development software: Sun Microsystems Java;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Presentation software: Microsoft PowerPoint;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel;

Video creation and editing software: Apple iMovie;

Web page creation and editing software: Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver; Adobe Systems Adobe Flash Player; Blogging software; Social networking software; Really Simple Syndication RSS; Yahoo Flickr; Wiki software;

Web platform development software: PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor; Cascading Style Sheets CSS; Extensible HyperText Markup Language XHTML; Hypertext markup language HTML;

Word processing software: Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Librarians include:
  • 25-3011.00 Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors
  • 25-4011.00 Archivists
  • 25-1011.00 Business Teachers, Postsecondary
  • 25-4012.00 Curators
  • 25-1081.00 Education Teachers, Postsecondary
  • 25-1082.00 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary
  • 25-2022.00 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education
  • 25-2031.00 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education

Sources of Additional Information
  • For more information about librarians, including accredited library education programs, visit: American Library Association
  • For more information about careers in libraries, visit: LibraryCareers.org
  • For information about medical librarians, visit: Medical Library Association
  • For information about law librarians, visit: American Association of Law Libraries
  • For information about many different types of special librarians, visit: Special Libraries Association
  • For more information about school librarians, visit: Libraries Unlimited
  • Librarians

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.