Occupation Summary

Coaches and Scouts

O*NET 27-2022.00


Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports for the primary purpose of competition. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition. Those required to hold teaching certifications should be reported in the appropriate teaching category.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 36.52%.
Education Level:
Bachelor's Degree. According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Plan, organize, and conduct practice sessions.
  2. Plan strategies and choose team members for individual games or sports seasons.
  3. Plan and direct physical conditioning programs that will enable athletes to achieve maximum performance.
  4. Adjust coaching techniques, based on the strengths and weaknesses of athletes.
  5. File scouting reports that detail player assessments, provide recommendations on athlete recruitment, and identify locations and individuals to be targeted for future recruitment efforts.
  6. Instruct individuals or groups in sports rules, game strategies, and performance principles, such as specific ways of moving the body, hands, or feet, to achieve desired results.
  7. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of opposing teams to develop game strategies.
  8. Evaluate athletes' skills and review performance records to determine their fitness and potential in a particular area of athletics.
  9. Keep abreast of changing rules, techniques, technologies, and philosophies relevant to their sport.
  10. Monitor athletes' use of equipment to ensure safe and proper use.
  11. Develop and arrange competition schedules and programs.
  12. Explain and enforce safety rules and regulations.
  13. Serve as organizer, leader, instructor, or referee for outdoor and indoor games, such as volleyball, football, and soccer.
  14. Explain and demonstrate the use of sports and training equipment, such as trampolines or weights.
  15. Arrange and conduct sports-related activities, such as training camps, skill-improvement courses, clinics, and pre-season try-outs.
  16. Select, acquire, store, and issue equipment and other materials as necessary.
  17. Negotiate with professional athletes or their representatives to obtain services and arrange contracts.
  18. Provide training direction, encouragement, motivation, and nutritional advice to prepare athletes for games, competitive events, or tours.
  19. Teach instructional courses and advise students.
  20. Contact the parents of players to provide information and answer questions.
  21. Coordinate travel arrangements and travel with team to away contests.
  22. Hire, supervise, and work with extended coaching staff.
  23. Keep and review paper, computerized, and video records of athlete, team, and opposing team performance.
  24. Counsel student athletes on academic, athletic, and personal issues.
  25. Perform activities that support a team or a specific sport, such as participating in community outreach activities, meeting with media representatives, and appearing at fundraising events.
  26. Monitor the academic eligibility of student athletes.
  27. Identify and recruit potential athletes by sending recruitment letters, meeting with recruits, and arranging and offering incentives, such as athletic scholarships.
  28. Oversee the development and management of the sports program budget and fundraising activities.

National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Coaches and Scouts employed Annual Growth Rate
Colleges, universities, and professional schools 22.9 1.00
Elementary and secondary schools 20.1 0.81
Other schools and instruction 20 3.99
Other amusement and recreation industries 14.9 3.15
Spectator sports 2.5 5.14
Junior colleges 2 -0.21

Labor Market Information

2020 National employment 249,900
2020 Texas employment 13,405
Texas projected employment by 2030 18,301
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2030 2,666

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Knowledge of administrative and office procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and workplace terminology.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Teaching others how to do something.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Learning Strategies
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Systems Analysis
Determining how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Category Flexibility
The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
    -- Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    -- Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Coaching and Developing Others
    -- Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
    -- Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Developing and Building Teams
    -- Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
Other Activities

  • Achievement
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
  • Relationships
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.


Baseball gloves: Baseball catching gloves;

Basketballs: Regulation basketballs;

Digital camcorders or video cameras: Digital video cameras;

Digital video disk players or recorders: Digital video disk DVD players;

Environmental test chamber: Cyclical variations in adaptive conditioning CVAC pods;

Field hockey sticks: Field hockey sticks;

Football blocking sleds: Football training sleds;

Football tackling dummies: Football training dummies;

Footballs: Regulation footballs;

Hockey sticks: Ice hockey sticks;

Hurdles: Track and field hurdles;

Ice skates: Figure skates; Ice hockey skates; Speed skates;

Notebook computers: Laptop computers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Phone headsets: Communications headsets;

Physiological recorders: Motion analysis equipment;

Portable data input terminals: Weighlifting analysis equipment;

Radar speed gun: Speed measuring radar guns;

Soccer balls: Regulation soccer balls;

Stop watch: Digital stopwatches;

Tablet computers: Tablet computers;

Touch screen monitors: Interactive whiteboards;

Vaulting poles: Vaulting poles;

Volleyballs: Regulation volleyballs;


Analytical or scientific software: Motion analysis software; Statistical software; Video analysis software;

Calendar and scheduling software: Scheduling software;

Cloud-based data access and sharing software: Google Drive;

Computer based training software: Edulastic; Schoology;

Data base user interface and query software: Online registration software; Performance database software;

Data conversion software: Video file conversion software;

Desktop communications software: ParentSquare; Bloomz; Edmodo;

Desktop publishing software: Microsoft Publisher;

Electronic mail software: Microsoft Outlook;

Graphics or photo imaging software: Graphics creation software;

Instant messaging software: GroupMe; Twitter;

Internet browser software: Web browser software;

Multi-media educational software: Seesaw; Nearpod; Edpuzzle;

Object or component oriented development software: C++;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Presentation software: Pear Deck; Microsoft PowerPoint;

Project management software: Google Classroom;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel;

Video conferencing software: Google Meet;

Video creation and editing software: Flipgrid; Video editing software; Screencast-O-Matic; Screencastify; YouTube;

Web page creation and editing software: Website creation software; Facebook;

Word processing software: Evernote; Google Docs; Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Coaches and Scouts include:
  • 27-2021.00 Athletes and Sports Competitors
  • 29-9091.00 Athletic Trainers
  • 39-9031.00 Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors
  • 11-9179.01 Fitness and Wellness Coordinators
  • 25-1193.00 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary
  • 39-9032.00 Recreation Workers
  • 25-3021.00 Self-Enrichment Teachers
  • 11-3131.00 Training and Development Managers
  • 13-1151.00 Training and Development Specialists
  • 27-2023.00 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Sources of Additional Information
  • For more information about coaching and scouting for team and individual sports, visit: National Association of State Boards of Education
  • National Collegiate Scouting Association
  • National High School Coaches Association
  • For more information related to individual sports, refer to the organization that represents the sport.
  • CareerOneStop

  • For a career video on coaches and scouts, visit: Coaches and Scouts
  • Coaches and Scouts

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.