Occupation Summary

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

O*NET 29-2011.00


Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 29.35%.
Education Level:
Bachelor's Degree. According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Public Service, Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM)

  1. Analyze laboratory findings to check the accuracy of the results.
  2. Conduct chemical analysis of body fluids, including blood, urine, or spinal fluid, to determine presence of normal or abnormal components.
  3. Operate, calibrate, or maintain equipment used in quantitative or qualitative analysis, such as spectrophotometers, calorimeters, flame photometers, or computer-controlled analyzers.
  4. Enter data from analysis of medical tests or clinical results into computer for storage.
  5. Analyze samples of biological material for chemical content or reaction.
  6. Set up, clean, and maintain laboratory equipment.
  7. Provide technical information about test results to physicians, family members, or researchers.
  8. Supervise, train, or direct lab assistants, medical and clinical laboratory technicians or technologists, or other medical laboratory workers engaged in laboratory testing.
  9. Develop, standardize, evaluate, or modify procedures, techniques, or tests used in the analysis of specimens or in medical laboratory experiments.
  10. Cultivate, isolate, or assist in identifying microbial organisms or perform various tests on these microorganisms.
  11. Obtain, cut, stain, and mount biological material on slides for microscopic study and diagnosis, following standard laboratory procedures.
  12. Select and prepare specimens and media for cell cultures, using aseptic technique and knowledge of medium components and cell requirements.
  13. Conduct medical research under direction of microbiologist or biochemist.
  14. Harvest cell cultures at optimum time, based on knowledge of cell cycle differences and culture conditions.
  15. Establish or monitor quality assurance programs or activities to ensure the accuracy of laboratory results.
  16. Collect and study blood samples to determine the number of cells, their morphology, or their blood group, blood type, or compatibility for transfusion purposes, using microscopic techniques.

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National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists employed Annual Growth Rate
General medical and surgical hospitals 56.5 0.63
Medical and diagnostic laboratories 17.3 2.92
Offices of physicians 7.7 2.09
Colleges and universities 4.7 0.87
Other ambulatory health care services 2.7 3.26

Labor Market Information

2016 Statewide average hourly wage $28.55
2016 National average hourly wage $30.02
2014 National employment 164,800
2014 Texas employment 12,370
Texas projected employment by 2024 16,000
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2024 660

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Quality Control Analysis
Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Active Learning
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Complex Problem Solving
Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Category Flexibility
The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.

  • Documenting/Recording Information
    -- Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interacting With Computers
    -- Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards
    -- Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    -- Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
Other Activities

  • Analyze biological material samples
  • Analyze blood samples
  • Analyze chemical or biological data
  • Analyze medical or health data
  • Analyze organic compounds
  • Analyze scientific or investigative findings
  • Apply hazardous materials information
  • Calculate differential equations
  • Calculate medical diagnostic test results
  • Calculate medicine dosages
  • Calibrate laboratory equipment
  • Clean laboratory or healthcare equipment
  • Collect blood or tissue samples
  • Collect clinical data
  • Collect dental laboratory diagnostic data
  • Collect samples for testing
  • Collect scientific or technical data
  • Collect statistical data
  • Communicate technical or scientific information
  • Compile biological data or information
  • Compile numerical or statistical data
  • Conduct biological research
  • Conduct clinical investigations
  • Conduct invasive medical diagnostic assessments
  • Conduct laboratory research or experiments
  • Conduct medical laboratory tests
  • Conduct medical tests
  • Conduct noninvasive medical diagnostic assessments
  • Conduct standardized qualitative laboratory analyses
  • Conduct standardized quantitative laboratory analyses
  • Control animal and plant diseases through sanitation, cleanliness, and management procedures
  • Create mathematical or statistical diagrams, charts, or tables
  • Cultivate micro-organisms for study, testing, or medical preparations
  • Develop life, physical, or social science policies, procedures, or standards
  • Develop medical policies, procedures, or standards
  • Develop photographic media such as film or x-rays
  • Direct activities of physicians or technologists
  • Direct implementation of new procedures, policies, or programs
  • Dispose of hazardous materials and waste
  • Document medical prognosis
  • Don/Doff Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Employ radiation safety procedures
  • Enter analysis of medical tests or clinical results into computer for storage
  • Examine biological material specimens
  • Explain complex mathematical information
  • Explain results of statistical analyses using graphs
  • Follow safety procedures and regulations
  • Handle infectious materials safely according to procedures
  • Identify childhood or adolescent diseases
  • Identify microorganisms
  • Identify problems using mathematical or statistical methods
  • Implement health or sanitation standards
  • Implement robotics systems technology
  • Implement sanitation practices in health care settings
  • Interpret medical laboratory test results
  • Interpret psychological test results
  • Isolate micro-organisms
  • Label blood samples
  • Maintain business or financial records, reports, or files
  • Maintain confidentiality of data
  • Maintain dental or medical records
  • Maintain laboratory or field equipment
  • Monitor medical oxygen equipment
  • Monitor operations to detect problems
  • Monitor worker performance
  • Obtain technical support instructions from scientists or engineers
  • Operate computers to enter, calculate, access, and retrieve data
  • Operate specialized equipment in laboratory
  • Order medical laboratory tests
  • Perform biological testing
  • Perform chemical testing
  • Perform continuing education to maintain licenses, certifications, qualifications, and knowledge currency
  • Perform quality assurance testing
  • Perform scientific research
  • Perform varied measurements including precision measurements
  • Prepare biological specimens for examination
  • Prepare medical reports
  • Prepare medical treatment room
  • Prepare sample for laboratory testing, analysis, or microscopy
  • Prepare technical or scientific reports
  • Prepare vaccines, biologicals, or serums
  • Process medical records
  • Read technical, operating, service, or repair manuals or publications
  • Record medical history
  • Record test or inspection results, procedures, or data
  • Research human or animal disease
  • Research information using library or Internet
  • Set-up laboratory equipment
  • Set-up medical oxygen equipment
  • Solve clinical problems
  • Sterilize laboratory, medical, or veterinary equipment or instruments
  • Store data to avoid data loss
  • Store medical laboratory specimens
  • Supervise subordinate personnel or contractors
  • Teach laboratory safety
  • Teach medical laboratory procedures
  • Teach principles of medicine
  • Teach secondary or post-secondary courses
  • Test materials to verify safety standards or ensure meeting of specifications
  • Verify completeness or accuracy of data
  • Write technical health or medical documents

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


Anaerobic jars or accessories: Candle jars; Anaerobe jars;

Analytical balances: Analytical balances;

Bench refractometers or polarimeters: Bench refractometers;

Benchtop centrifuges: Centrifuges;

Binocular light compound microscopes: Compound light microscopes;

Blood bank analyzers: Agglutination viewers;

Blood bank cell washers: Cell washers;

Blood collection needle: Blood collection needles;

Blood collection needle holders: Needle holders;

Blood collection syringes: Blood collection syringes;

Butterfly needles: Butterfly needles;

Calorimeters: Calorimeters;

Capillary or hematocrit tubes: Capillary sticks; Capillary tubes;

Chemistry analyzers: Automated/semi-automated dipstick analysis systems; Automated chemistry analyzers; Chemistry analyzers; Heterologous test systems; Homologous test systems;

Chromatographic detectors: Chromatographs;

Coagulation analyzers: Coagulation analyzers; Automated coagulation analyzers; Portable coagulation analyzers;

Colorimeters: Colorimeters;

Compact disc CD or labeling printers: Label printers;

Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Dropping pipettes: Dropping pipettes;

Electrolyte analyzers: Electrolyte analyzers;

Electronic multichannel pipetters: 8 and 12 channel pipettes;

Extracting equipment for laboratories: Plasma extractors;

Fluorescent microscopes: Fluorescence microscopes;

Forced air or mechanical convection general purpose incubators: Incubators;

Fume hoods or cupboards: Fume hoods;

Gel documentation systems: Gel electrophoresis equipment;

Glucose monitors or meters: Glucose monitoring systems;

Hemacytometer sets: Hemacytometers;

Hematology analyzers: Semiautomated hematology analyzers; Automated hematology analyzers; Automated platelet analyzers; 5-part differential automated hematology analyzers; Differential hematology analyzers with laser technology; Hemaglobinometers; Hematology analyzers; Hematology task-targeted automation TTA systems;

Histology tissue cassettes: Tissue cassettes;

Hypodermic needle: 22-gauge needles;

Immunology or serology test kits or supplies: Serological kits;

Laboratory balances: Balances;

Laboratory diluters: Automatic pipetter diluters; Diluters;

Laboratory mechanical convection ovens: Hot air ovens;

Laboratory mixers: Electrical mixers;

Laboratory vacuum pumps: Laboratory vacuum pumps;

Laminar flow cabinets or stations: Laminar flow cabinets; Laminar flow hoods;

Lancets: Sterile blood lancets;

Laser printers: Laser printers;

Liquid scintillation counters: Scintillation counters;

Manual multichannel air displacement pipetters: Manual pipettes;

Manual or electronic hematology differential cell counters: Differential cell counters; Cell counters;

Manual single channel air displacement pipetters: Single-channel pipettes;

Microbiology analyzers: Flow cytometers;

Microcentrifuges: Microhematocrits;

Micrometers: Micrometers;

Microplate readers: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ELISA plate readers;

Microplate washers: Plate washers;

Microscope slides: Glass slides;

Multipurpose or general test tubes: Sterile transfer tubes;

Multiwell plates: Microtiter plates;

Notebook computers: Notebook computers;

Osmometers: Osmometers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Petri plates or dishes: Petri dishes;

pH meters: pH meters;

Phlebotomy trays or accessories: Unopettes; Collection tube holders/adapters;

Photo attachments for microscopes: Photomicroscopes;

Photometers: Flame photometers; Photometers;

Pipetter inserts or accessories: Safety pipetting devices;

Platelet mixers: Platelet rockers;

Robotic or automated liquid handling systems: Automatic pipetters;

Specialty plates for bacteria: Blood agar plates;

Spectrometers: Spectrometers;

Spectrophotometers: Spectrophotometers;

Steam autoclaves or sterilizers: Autoclaves;

Stereo or dissecting light microscopes: Light microscopes;

Surgical sterile instrument brushes or instrument stylets or instrument wipes: Stylets;

Temperature cycling chambers or thermal cyclers: Thermal cyclers;

Tissue culture coated plates or dishes or inserts: Antigen-coated test plates; Sensitivity plates;

Tissue embedding stations: Tissue embedding equipment;

Tissue processors: Automatic tissue processors;

Tourniquets: Tourniquets;

Triple beam balances: Triple beam balances;

Tube rotators: Serology tube rotators;

Ultracentrifuges: Ultracentrifuges;

Urinalysis analyzers: Automated urinalysis equipment; Urinometers;

Vacuum blood collection tubes or containers: Evacuated blood collection tubes; Vacutainer tubes;

Warming cabinets: Plasma thawers;


Data base user interface and query software: Database software;

Electronic mail software: Email software;

Medical software: Hematology laboratory workflow management software; Laboratory information system LIS software; Medical digital imaging software; Medical software; Medical system integration software; Microscopic image capturing software; Quality control software; Reimbursement screening software; Specimen tracking software; Electronic medical record EMR software; Test result delivery software; Test routing software; Commercial plate reader software;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Presentation software: Microsoft PowerPoint;

Project management software: Microsoft Project;

Spreadsheet software: Spreadsheet software; Microsoft Excel;

Word processing software: Microsoft Word; Word processing software;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists include:
  • 19-4021.00 Biological Technicians
  • 19-4031.00 Chemical Technicians
  • 29-2011.01 Cytogenetic Technologists
  • 29-2011.02 Cytotechnologists
  • 29-2032.00 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
  • 19-4092.00 Forensic Science Technicians
  • 29-2011.03 Histotechnologists and Histologic Technicians
  • 29-2012.00 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians
  • 29-2099.01 Neurodiagnostic Technologists
  • 29-2054.00 Respiratory Therapy Technicians

Contact Texas Workforce Commission
Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.