Occupation Summary

Painters, Construction and Maintenance

O*NET 47-2141.00


Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 16.43%.
Education Level:
High School Diploma (or GED or High School Equivalence Certificate). According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Cover surfaces with dropcloths or masking tape and paper to protect surfaces during painting.
  2. Fill cracks, holes, or joints with caulk, putty, plaster, or other fillers, using caulking guns or putty knives.
  3. Apply primers or sealers to prepare new surfaces, such as bare wood or metal, for finish coats.
  4. Apply paint, stain, varnish, enamel, or other finishes to equipment, buildings, bridges, or other structures, using brushes, spray guns, or rollers.
  5. Calculate amounts of required materials and estimate costs, based on surface measurements or work orders.
  6. Read work orders or receive instructions from supervisors or homeowners to determine work requirements.
  7. Erect scaffolding or swing gates, or set up ladders, to work above ground level.
  8. Remove fixtures such as pictures, door knobs, lamps, or electric switch covers prior to painting.
  9. Wash and treat surfaces with oil, turpentine, mildew remover, or other preparations, and sand rough spots to ensure that finishes will adhere properly.
  10. Mix and match colors of paint, stain, or varnish with oil or thinning and drying additives to obtain desired colors and consistencies.
  11. Remove old finishes by stripping, sanding, wire brushing, burning, or using water or abrasive blasting.
  12. Select and purchase tools or finishes for surfaces to be covered, considering durability, ease of handling, methods of application, and customers' wishes.
  13. Smooth surfaces, using sandpaper, scrapers, brushes, steel wool, or sanding machines.
  14. Polish final coats to specified finishes.
  15. Use special finishing techniques such as sponging, ragging, layering, or faux finishing.
  16. Waterproof buildings, using waterproofers or caulking.
  17. Cut stencils and brush or spray lettering or decorations on surfaces.
  18. Spray or brush hot plastics or pitch onto surfaces.
  19. Bake finishes on painted or enameled articles, using baking ovens.

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National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Painters, Construction and Maintenance employed Annual Growth Rate
Residential building construction 4 1.41

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $17.18
2018 National average hourly wage $20.70
2016 National employment 381,500
2016 Texas employment 31,386
Texas projected employment by 2026 36,544
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 3,369

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.
Law and Government
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Trunk Strength
The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness.
Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    -- Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Coordinating the Work and Activities of Others
    -- Getting members of a group to work together to accomplish tasks.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
    -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Performing General Physical Activities
    -- Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
Other Activities

  • Apply adhesives, caulking, or sealants
  • Apply cleaning solvents
  • Apply hazardous materials information
  • Apply plaster, stucco, or joint compound mixtures to walls or ceilings
  • Apply protective coatings or colorants
  • Assemble/Disassemble manufactured products by hand
  • Climb ladders, scaffolding, and structures to reach work
  • Coordinate set construction, erection, or decoration activities
  • Cut construction material
  • Cut wall covering material
  • Cut/Heat metal using blowtorch
  • Determine dimensions or characteristics using measuring devices
  • Don/Doff Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Erect scaffold on work site
  • Establish priorities for self or others
  • Estimate construction project costs
  • Estimate project costs
  • Evaluate construction quality
  • Fabricate manufactured products by hand
  • Fit construction materials such as wood
  • Follow safety procedures and regulations
  • Install wallpaper, fabric, or billboard posters
  • Join wood or other construction materials
  • Measure wall covering material
  • Mix food ingredients according to instructions
  • Mix paint according to instructions
  • Move heavy objects
  • Obtain information from clients, customers, or patients
  • Obtain land survey data using surveying instruments
  • Operate hand or power tools
  • Operate personnel and material lift equipment
  • Operate portable hand spray equipment
  • Paint surfaces such as walls
  • Paint vehicles, structures and objects using spraying equipment
  • Paste wall covering material
  • Perform safety inspection
  • Prepare building surfaces for paint, finishes, wallpaper, or adhesives
  • Prepare work environment to assure proper ventilation and personal protection
  • Prime/Paint vehicle or transportation equipment surfaces
  • Recommend alterations in construction or specifications
  • Remove finish from furniture, walls, or related structures
  • Repair cracks, defects, or damage in installed building materials
  • Review information from formulas or processing charts
  • Review work orders
  • Shape construction materials such as wood
  • Tape dry wall joints

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


Air compressors: Air compressors;

Articulating boom lift: Bucket trucks;

Blocks or pulleys: Riggings;

Blow torch: Blow torches;

Caulking guns: Caulking guns;

Cold chisels: Putty chisels;

Demolition hammers: Chipping hammers;

Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Edging tools: Painting edgers; Trim guides;

Floor scrapers: Floor scrapers;

Forklifts: Forklifts;

Glue guns: Glue guns;

Hammers: Drywall hammers; Hammers;

Hand sprayers: Hopper guns; Pneumatic spray texture guns; Spray texture guns; Stucco patching guns;

Hard hats: Hard hats;

Hatchets: Drywall axes;

Heat guns: Heat guns;

Hoists: Hoists;

Hole saws: Circle cutters;

Ladders: Ladders; Extension ladders; Stilts;

Laser measuring systems: Line lasers;

Laser printers: Laser printers;

Lifts: Drywall lifters;

Manlift or personnel lift: Aerial lifts; Bosun chairs; Hydraulic lifts; Swing stages;

Masking equipment: Striping tools;

Mill saw file: Single-cut mill saw files;

Notebook computers: Notebook computers;

Paint brushes: Stripper brushes; Paint brushes; Combing tools;

Paint mixers: Paint shakers; Power paint mixers; Tinting machines;

Paint rollers: Power rollers; Paint rollers;

Paint sprayers: Power brushes; Conventional spray equipment; Airless spray equipment; High velocity low pressure HVLP spraying equipment; Striping machines; Spray guns;

Paint strainers: Paint strainers; Paint brush cleaner spinners;

Paint tester: Paint lead testing kits;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Personal digital assistant PDAs or organizers: Personal digital assistants PDA;

Platform lift: Platforms;

Pneumatic sanding machines: Sandblasters;

Power chippers: Chippers;

Power drills: Power drills;

Power grinders: Electric grinders;

Power sanders: Electric paint removers; Disk sanders; Power sanders; Paint stripping equipment;

Power saws: Power saws;

Pressure or steam cleaners: Hydroblasters; Pressure washers; Wallpaper steamers; Steam cleaning equipment;

Putty knives: Putty knives; Patching knives; Drywall taping knives; Spackling knives;

Razor knives: Glass scrapers; Glaziers' knives;

Respirators: Respirators;

Safety boots: Work boots;

Saw blades: Grout removal tools;

Saws: Drywall ripping tools; Saws;

Scaffolding: Mobile scaffolds; Scaffolding;

Screwdrivers: Screwdrivers;

Scribers: Scoring tools;

Slings: Slings;

Stencils or lettering aids: Stencils;

Temperature gauge: Temperature gauges;

Trowels: Float trowels; Texturing trowels; Trowels;

Utility knives: Utility knives;

Wallpaper roller: Seam rollers;

Wire brushes: Wire brushes;


Analytical or scientific software: Evergreen Technology Total Faux;

Customer relationship management CRM software: Sage ACT!;

Data base user interface and query software: Insight Direct ServiceCEO;

Graphics or photo imaging software: Corel Paint Shop Pro; Corel Painter;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Operating system software: Microsoft Windows;

Project management software: On Center Quick Bid; Evergreen Technology Eagle Bid Estimating; Turtle Creek Software Goldenseal;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel; Spreadsheet software;

Word processing software: Word processing software; Contractor City Contractor Forms Pack;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Painters, Construction and Maintenance include:
  • 47-2121.00 Glaziers
  • 47-3012.00 Helpers--Carpenters
  • 47-2131.00 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall
  • 47-2132.00 Insulation Workers, Mechanical
  • 51-6011.00 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers
  • 47-2142.00 Paperhangers
  • 47-2181.00 Roofers
  • 51-9195.03 Stone Cutters and Carvers, Manufacturing
  • 47-2082.00 Tapers
  • 47-2053.00 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers

Sources of Additional Information
  • For details about apprenticeships or other work opportunities for painters, contact the offices of the state employment service, the state apprenticeship agency, local contractors or firms that employ painters, or local union–management painter apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the U.S. Department of Labor's ApprenticeshipUSA program online or by phone at 877-872-5627.
  • For more information about painters and training opportunities, visit: Associated Builders and Contractors, Inc.
  • International Union of Painters and Allied Trades
  • Home Builders Institute
  • Painting and Decorating Contractors of America
  • For information about the work of industrial painters and about opportunities for training and certification as a protective coating specialist, visit: NACE International Institute
  • Society for Protective Coatings
  • Painters, Construction and Maintenance

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.