Occupation Summary

Industrial Machinery Mechanics

O*NET 49-9041.00


Repair, install, adjust, or maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery and pipeline distribution systems. May also install, dismantle, or move machinery and heavy equipment according to plans.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 34.54%.
Education Level:
Post-Secondary Certificate - awarded for training completed after high school (for example, in agriculture or natural resources, computer services, personal or culinary services, engineering technologies, healthcare, construction trades, mechanic and repair technologies, or precision production). According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Disassemble machinery or equipment to remove parts and make repairs.
  2. Repair or replace broken or malfunctioning components of machinery or equipment.
  3. Repair or maintain the operating condition of industrial production or processing machinery or equipment.
  4. Examine parts for defects, such as breakage or excessive wear.
  5. Reassemble equipment after completion of inspections, testing, or repairs.
  6. Observe and test the operation of machinery or equipment to diagnose malfunctions, using voltmeters or other testing devices.
  7. Operate newly repaired machinery or equipment to verify the adequacy of repairs.
  8. Clean, lubricate, or adjust parts, equipment, or machinery.
  9. Analyze test results, machine error messages, or information obtained from operators to diagnose equipment problems.
  10. Record repairs and maintenance performed.
  11. Study blueprints or manufacturers' manuals to determine correct installation or operation of machinery.
  12. Record parts or materials used and order or requisition new parts or materials, as necessary.
  13. Cut and weld metal to repair broken metal parts, fabricate new parts, or assemble new equipment.
  14. Demonstrate equipment functions and features to machine operators.
  15. Enter codes and instructions to program computer-controlled machinery.
  16. Assign schedules to work crews.

National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Industrial Machinery Mechanics employed Annual Growth Rate
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance 11.3 3.57
Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers 9.5 2.27
Plastics product manufacturing 3.6 1.83
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 2.9 2.94
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy manufacturing 2.6 2.24
Animal slaughtering and processing 2.4 2.23

Labor Market Information

2021 Statewide average hourly wage $28.74
2021 National average hourly wage $28.26
2020 National employment 391,800
2020 Texas employment 39,442
Texas projected employment by 2030 53,065
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2030 5,283

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Operations Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
Quality Control Analysis
Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
Active Learning
Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to a signal (sound, light, picture) when it appears.
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the differences between sounds that vary in pitch and loudness.

  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    -- Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    -- Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
    -- Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    -- Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials
    -- Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
Other Activities

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


Adjustable widemouth pliers: Adjustable widemouth pliers;

Adjustable wrenches: Adjustable wrenches;

Air compressors: Air compressors;

Alignment jig: Alignment tools;

Ammeters: Ammeters;

Anchor setting tools: Stud drivers;

Bench vises: Vises;

Blocks or pulleys: Block and tackle equipment;

Blow torch: Acetylene torches;

Boring machines: Boring tools;

Burnishing machine: Burnishing wheels;

Calipers: Dial calipers; Calipers; Vernier instruments;

Catalytic combustion analyzers: Reciprocating machinery combustion analyzers;

Cold chisels: Airhammer chisels;

Combination wrenches: Combination wrenches;

Cutting die: Cutting dies;

Cutting machines: Cutting machines;

Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Dollies: Equipment rollers;

Drill press or radial drill: Drill presses; Punch presses; Radial drills;

End cut pliers: Side cutting pliers;

Feeler gauges: Feeler gauges; Angled feeler gauges;

Flat hand file: Flat files;

Flowmeters: Flow meters;

Forklifts: Forklifts;

Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus: Gas welding equipment;

Grease guns: Grease guns;

Grinders: Lapping wheels;

Half round file: Half-round files;

Hammers: Hammers; Brass hammers;

Hand pumps: Hand pumps;

Hand reamer: Reamers;

Height gauges: Gauges;

Hex keys: Allen wrenches; Hex wrenches;

Hoists: Hoists; Chain falls; Chain hoists;

Horizontal turning center: Engine lathes; Turning lathes;

Hydraulic press brake: Hydraulic squeezers;

Impact wrenches: Power wrenches; Impact wrenches;

Induction heaters: Bearing heating ovens;

Jacks: Jacks;

Ladders: Ladders;

Laser measuring systems: Laser measuring equipment;

Laser printers: Laser printers;

Level sensors or transmitters: Transit levels;

Levels: Precision levels; Level gauges; Levels;

Locking pliers: Channel lock pliers;

Magnetic tools: Magnetic retrievers;

Magnifiers: Alignment scopes;

Metal band sawing machine: Bandsaws;

Metal broaching machines: Broaching machines;

Metal cutters: Aviation snips;

Metal inert gas welding machine: Metal inert gas MIG welders;

Microcontrollers: Programmable logic controllers PLC;

Micrometers: Inside micrometers; Micrometers; Outside micrometers;

Mill saw file: Single-cut mill saw files;

Milling machines: Milling machines;

Multimeters: Multimeters;

Needlenose pliers: Needlenose pliers;

Oscilloscopes: Oscilloscopes;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Pipe or tube cutter: Flange facing machines;

Pipe wrenches: Pipe wrenches;

Pitch measuring instruments: Screw pitch gauges;

Plasma arc welding machine: Plasma cutters;

Platform lift: Staging platforms;

Plumb bobs: Plumb bobs;

Pneumatic drill: Airpowered descaling drills;

Pneumatic hammer: Pneumatic hammers;

Pneumatic sanding machines: Airpowered descaling turbines; Sandblasters;

Positioning jig: Jigs;

Power drills: Power drills;

Power grinders: Power grinders; Precision grinders; Cylindrical grinders; Grinding wheels;

Power sanders: Power sanders; Scalers;

Power saws: Power saws;

Pressure indicators: Hydrostatic testers;

Pressure or steam cleaners: Steam cleaning equipment;

Pressure or vacuum recorders: Pressure gauges;

Profile projectors: Optical measuring equipment;

Pry bars: Pry bars; Pinchbars;

Pullers: Hydraulic pullers;

Punches or nail sets or drifts: Punches;

Putty knives: Putty knives;

Ratchets: Ratchet sets;

Rivet tools: Riveting tools;

Rubber mallet: Rubber mallets;

Rulers: Rulers;

Safety glasses: Welding lenses;

Saws: Handsaws;

Scissor lift or lift table: Scissor lifts;

Scrapers: Scrapers;

Screwdrivers: Phillips head screwdrivers; Screwdrivers;

Shaper cutter: Shaping machines;

Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine: Shielded arc welding tools;

Sledge hammer: Sledgehammers;

Slings: Rigging equipment;

Socket sets: Socket wrench sets;

Soldering iron: Soldering irons;

Spot welding machine: Portable welding equipment; Spot welders;

Squares: Cylindrical procedures squares; Precision squares; Squares;

Straight edges: Straightedges;

Strain gauges: Bearing bridge gauges;

Suction cups: Vacuum lifts;

Tachometers: Tachometers; Strobe tachometers;

Tape measures: Tape measures;

Taps: Metal cutting taps;

Telescoping gauge: Telescoping gauges;

Thickness measuring devices: Thickness gauges; Space gauges;

Threading die hand tool: Pipe threaders;

Threading machine: Threading devices;

Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe: Lathes;

Tube end finisher: Facing machines;

Tungsten carbide abrasive wheels: Emery wheels;

Tungsten inert gas welding machine: Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment;

Utility knives: Utility knives;

Vacuum gauges: Vacuum gauges;

Vibration testers: Vibration analyzers;

Voltage or current meters: Voltmeters;

Wedges: Steel wedges;

Welder torch: Brazing equipment;

Welding masks: Welding shields;

Welding robots: Robotic teach pendants;

Welding tip dresser or accessories: Welding tip dressers;

Wire brushes: Electric rotary wire brushes; Rotating brushes;

Wire cutters: Wire cutters;

Workshop cranes: Workshop cranes;


Computer aided design CAD software: Computer aided design CAD software;

Computer aided manufacturing CAM software: Extranet Machine Tools Suite;

Data base user interface and query software: Maintenance planning and control software;

Electronic mail software: Microsoft Outlook;

Enterprise resource planning ERP software: SAP business and customer relations management software;

Facilities management software: Maintenance management software;

Industrial control software: BIT Corp ProMACS PLC; KEYENCE PLC Ladder Logic; Supervisory control and data acquisition SCADA software;

Internet browser software: Web browser software;

Inventory management software: Inventory tracking software;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel;

Word processing software: Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Industrial Machinery Mechanics include:
  • 49-2092.00 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
  • 51-2031.00 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers
  • 51-4033.00 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 51-4034.00 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 49-9043.00 Maintenance Workers, Machinery
  • 51-4035.00 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 49-9044.00 Millwrights
  • 49-3042.00 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines
  • 51-4081.00 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 51-9196.00 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders

Sources of Additional Information
  • For information about industrial machinery mechanics and machinery maintenance workers, visit: National Association of Manufacturers
  • Society for Maintenance & Reliability Professionals
  • For information about millwrights and the precision-machined products industry, training, and apprenticeships, visit: Precision Machined Products Association
  • For further information on apprenticeship programs, write to the Apprenticeship Council of your state’s labor department or to local firms that employ machinery mechanics and repairers. Apprenticeship information is also available from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Apprenticeship program online or by phone at 877-872-5627.
  • Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  • Maintenance Workers, Machinery
  • Millwrights

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.