Occupation Summary

Maintenance Workers, Machinery

O*NET 49-9043.00


Lubricate machinery, change parts, or perform other routine machinery maintenance.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 25.90%.
Education Level:
High School Diploma - or the equivalent (for example, GED). According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Reassemble machines after the completion of repair or maintenance work.
  2. Start machines and observe mechanical operation to determine efficiency and to detect problems.
  3. Inspect or test damaged machine parts, and mark defective areas or advise supervisors of repair needs.
  4. Lubricate or apply adhesives or other materials to machines, machine parts, or other equipment according to specified procedures.
  5. Install, replace, or change machine parts and attachments, according to production specifications.
  6. Dismantle machines and remove parts for repair, using hand tools, chain falls, jacks, cranes, or hoists.
  7. Record production, repair, and machine maintenance information.
  8. Read work orders and specifications to determine machines and equipment requiring repair or maintenance.
  9. Set up and operate machines, and adjust controls to regulate operations.
  10. Collaborate with other workers to repair or move machines, machine parts, or equipment.
  11. Inventory and requisition machine parts, equipment, and other supplies so that stock can be maintained and replenished.
  12. Transport machine parts, tools, equipment, and other material between work areas and storage, using cranes, hoists, or dollies.
  13. Collect and discard worn machine parts and other refuse to maintain machinery and work areas.
  14. Clean machines and machine parts, using cleaning solvents, cloths, air guns, hoses, vacuums, or other equipment.
  15. Replace or repair metal, wood, leather, glass, or other lining in machines, or in equipment compartments or containers.
  16. Remove hardened material from machines or machine parts, using abrasives, power and hand tools, jackhammers, sledgehammers, or other equipment.
  17. Measure, mix, prepare, and test chemical solutions used to clean or repair machinery and equipment.
  18. Replace, empty, or replenish machine and equipment containers such as gas tanks or boxes.

National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Maintenance Workers, Machinery employed Annual Growth Rate
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 4.4 1.90
Plastics product manufacturing 3.8 0.77
Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers 2.6 0.57
Converted paper product manufacturing 2.5 0.00
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance 2.4 1.73
Rubber product manufacturing 2.1 0.69
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills 2.1 0.00

Labor Market Information

2022 Statewide average hourly wage $25.14
2022 National average hourly wage $26.88
2020 National employment 65,600
2020 Texas employment 5,969
Texas projected employment by 2030 7,515
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2030 747

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Operations Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Quality Control Analysis
Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing that there is a problem.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    -- Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Materials
    -- Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes
    -- Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
    -- Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Other Activities

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


Abrasive drums: Abrasive wheels;

Abrasive stones: Abrasive rubbing stones;

Adjustable widemouth pliers: Adjustable widemouth pliers;

Adjustable wrenches: Adjustable wrenches;

Automotive honing machine: Hones;

Blow torch: Oxyacetylene torches;

Calipers: Dial calipers; Vernier calipers;

Compressed air gun: Compressed air guns;

Cutting die: Metal cutting dies;

Deburring tool: Deburring tools;

Dial indicator or dial gauge: Dial indicators;

Dollies: Dollies;

Drill bit set: Drill bit sets;

Drill press or radial drill: Drill presses;

Ear plugs: Ear plugs;

Forklifts: Forklifts;

Grease guns: Grease guns;

Grinders: Lapping equipment;

Hacksaw: Hacksaws; Power hacksaws;

Hammers: Hammers;

Hand reamer: Reamers;

Hard hats: Hard hats;

Hoists: Chain falls; Hoists;

Hold down clamps: Hold down clamps;

Jacks: Jacks;

Ladders: Ladders;

Levels: Levels;

Lockout devices: Lockout hasps;

Machine guarding: Safety blocks;

Manlift or personnel lift: Manlifts;

Manual press brake: Brakes;

Metal band sawing machine: Bandsaws;

Metal cutters: Metal cutters;

Metal folding machine: Sheet metal folders;

Metal inert gas welding machine: Metal inert gas MIG welders;

Metal polishing machine: Polishing machines;

Microcontrollers: Programmable logic controllers PLC;

Micrometers: Micrometers;

Milling machines: Milling machines;

Pallet trucks: Pallet jacks;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Plumb bobs: Plumb bobs;

Pneumatic hammer: Jackhammers;

Power buffers: Buffing machines;

Power drills: Power drills;

Power grinders: Power grinders; Grinding machines;

Power riveter: Rivet guns;

Power saws: Cutoff saws; Bench saws; Power saws;

Punches or nail sets or drifts: Punches;

Respirators: Respirators;

Rulers: Rulers; Steel rules;

Safety glasses: Safety glasses;

Safety harnesses or belts: Safety belts;

Scaffolding: Scaffolding;

Screwdrivers: Screwdrivers;

Shears: Shears;

Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine: Shielded arc welding tools;

Sledge hammer: Sledgehammers;

Slings: Rigging equipment;

Socket sets: Socket wrench sets;

Soldering iron: Soldering guns;

Spot welding machine: Spot-welding equipment;

Straight edges: Straightedges;

Tablet computers: Tablet computers;

Taps: Metal cutting taps;

Threading die hand tool: Pipe threaders;

Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe: Lathes;

Tungsten inert gas welding machine: Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment;

Vacuum cleaners: Industrial vacuums;

Welding or cutting tip: Welding tips;

Workshop cranes: Workshop cranes;


Calendar and scheduling software: Scheduling software;

Data base user interface and query software: Database software;

Electronic mail software: Microsoft Outlook;

Enterprise resource planning ERP software: SAP software; Management information systems MIS;

Facilities management software: Computerized maintenance management system software CMMS;

Internet browser software: Web browser software;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Operating system software: Operating system software;

Presentation software: Microsoft PowerPoint;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel; Spreadsheet software;

Word processing software: Word processing software; Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Maintenance Workers, Machinery include:
  • 49-9012.00 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
  • 49-2092.00 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers
  • 51-4033.00 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 49-9041.00 Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  • 53-7063.00 Machine Feeders and Offbearers
  • 49-3042.00 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines
  • 51-4081.00 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic
  • 49-3043.00 Rail Car Repairers
  • 51-4194.00 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners
  • 51-7042.00 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing

Sources of Additional Information
  • For information about industrial machinery mechanics and machinery maintenance workers, visit: National Association of Manufacturers
  • Society for Maintenance & Reliability Professionals
  • For information about millwrights and the precision-machined products industry, training, and apprenticeships, visit: Precision Machined Products Association
  • For further information on apprenticeship programs, write to the Apprenticeship Council of your state’s labor department or to local firms that employ machinery mechanics and repairers. Apprenticeship information is also available from the U.S. Department of Labor’s Apprenticeship program online or by phone at 877-872-5627.
  • Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  • Maintenance Workers, Machinery
  • Millwrights

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.