Occupation Summary

Maintenance Workers, Machinery

O*NET 49-9043.00


Lubricate machinery, change parts, or perform other routine machinery maintenance.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 17.55%.
Education Level:
High School Diploma (or GED or High School Equivalence Certificate). According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Reassemble machines after the completion of repair or maintenance work.
  2. Start machines and observe mechanical operation to determine efficiency and to detect problems.
  3. Inspect or test damaged machine parts, and mark defective areas or advise supervisors of repair needs.
  4. Lubricate or apply adhesives or other materials to machines, machine parts, or other equipment, according to specified procedures.
  5. Install, replace, or change machine parts and attachments, according to production specifications.
  6. Dismantle machines and remove parts for repair, using hand tools, chain falls, jacks, cranes, or hoists.
  7. Record production, repair, and machine maintenance information.
  8. Read work orders and specifications to determine machines and equipment requiring repair or maintenance.
  9. Set up and operate machines, and adjust controls to regulate operations.
  10. Collaborate with other workers to repair or move machines, machine parts, or equipment.
  11. Inventory and requisition machine parts, equipment, and other supplies so that stock can be maintained and replenished.
  12. Transport machine parts, tools, equipment, and other material between work areas and storage, using cranes, hoists, or dollies.
  13. Collect and discard worn machine parts and other refuse to maintain machinery and work areas.
  14. Clean machines and machine parts, using cleaning solvents, cloths, air guns, hoses, vacuums, or other equipment.
  15. Replace or repair metal, wood, leather, glass, or other lining in machines, or in equipment compartments or containers.
  16. Remove hardened material from machines or machine parts, using abrasives, power and hand tools, jackhammers, sledgehammers, or other equipment.
  17. Measure, mix, prepare, and test chemical solutions used to clean or repair machinery and equipment.
  18. Replace, empty, or replenish machine and equipment containers such as gas tanks or boxes.

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National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of Maintenance Workers, Machinery employed Annual Growth Rate
Plastics product manufacturing 4.5 0.73
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 3.7 1.38
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance 2.8 1.50
Converted paper product manufacturing 2.2 0.51
Animal slaughtering and processing 2.1 1.01
Iron and steel mills and ferroalloy mfg. 2 -0.57

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $21.26
2018 National average hourly wage $23.42
2016 National employment 89,700
2016 Texas employment 10,269
Texas projected employment by 2026 12,071
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 1,303

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
Quality Control Analysis
Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Near Vision
The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.

  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    -- Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    -- Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Controlling Machines and Processes
    -- Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
    -- Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
Other Activities

  • Adjust industrial, manufacturing, or production equipment
  • Adjust machinery setup
  • Apply cleaning solvents
  • Assemble/Disassemble manufactured products by hand
  • Assemble/Dismantle equipment or machinery
  • Assist mechanic, extractive, or construction trades craft worker
  • Clean equipment or machinery for optimum performance
  • Clean rooms, floors or work areas
  • Construct wooden frameworks or structures
  • Coordinate production maintenance activities
  • Cut construction material
  • Detect machinery or equipment malfunctions by listening for abnormalities
  • Determine air, water, steam, or fluid pressure using gauges
  • Determine dimensions or characteristics using measuring devices
  • Develop maintenance schedules
  • Diagnose electrical or electronic systems or equipment
  • Diagnose mechanical problems in machinery or equipment
  • Erect scaffold on work site
  • Establish relationships with clients and customers
  • Fabricate manufactured products by hand
  • Fabricate sheet metal parts or items
  • Fit construction materials such as wood
  • Follow safety procedures and regulations
  • Inspect machinery or equipment to determine damage, defects, adjustments, repairs, and suitability for use
  • Inspect shut-off devices
  • Install equipment or attachments on machinery or related structures
  • Install industrial machinery or equipment
  • Interpret information from blueprints, diagrams, schematics, or technical drawings
  • Inventory stock to ensure adequate supplies
  • Join wood or other construction materials
  • Load/Unload material or work piece into machinery
  • Lubricate machinery, equipment, or parts
  • Maintain consistent production quality
  • Maintain construction machinery or equipment
  • Maintain daily logs or records
  • Maintain electrician's tools or equipment
  • Maintain equipment service records
  • Maintain inventory of office supplies or forms
  • Maintain mining machinery or equipment
  • Maintain parts inventory
  • Maintain relationships with employees and co-workers
  • Maintain relationships with stakeholders
  • Maintain relationships with vendors
  • Maintain repair records
  • Maintain safe work environment
  • Maintain specialized manufacturing or commercial equipment or machinery
  • Maintain welding machines or equipment
  • Mix food ingredients according to instructions
  • Monitor equipment or machine operation to detect problems
  • Monitor repairs or maintenance to enforce standards
  • Move heavy objects
  • Move materials or goods between work areas
  • Operate crane in construction, manufacturing, or repair setting
  • Operate hand or power tools
  • Operate high voltage apparatus
  • Operate hoist, winch, or hydraulic boom
  • Operate mining equipment or machinery
  • Operate ore refining or foundry equipment
  • Operate personnel and material lift equipment
  • Operate pneumatic tools
  • Operate production equipment and machinery
  • Operate sandblasting equipment
  • Operate vacuum or air hose
  • Overhaul industrial or construction machinery or equipment
  • Overhaul power-generating equipment or machinery
  • Perform basic carpentry
  • Perform inspection of tools or equipment prior to use
  • Perform safety inspection
  • Perform varied measurements including precision measurements
  • Position machines, equipment, or structures
  • Prepare equipment for maintenance
  • Prepare instructions for workers
  • Read technical, operating, service, or repair manuals or publications
  • Repair electronics manufacturing equipment
  • Repair malfunctioning or worn mechanical components
  • Repair mechanical equipment or machinery
  • Repair plastics manufacturing equipment
  • Repair sheet metal products
  • Repair wooden frameworks or structures
  • Replace malfunctioning or worn mechanical components
  • Requisition stock, materials, supplies or equipment
  • Review codes and specifications
  • Review work orders
  • Select welding filler rod type
  • Set mechanical or electrical controls or components
  • Set-up production equipment or machinery
  • Shape construction materials such as wood
  • Signal directions or warnings to coworkers
  • Test materials to verify safety standards or ensure meeting of specifications
  • Test mechanical products or equipment
  • Train workers in use of equipment or computers
  • Weld metal structures

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


Abrasive drums: Abrasive wheels;

Abrasive stones: Abrasive rubbing stones;

Adjustable widemouth pliers: Adjustable widemouth pliers;

Adjustable wrenches: Adjustable wrenches;

Automotive honing machine: Hones;

Blow torch: Oxyacetylene torches;

Calipers: Vernier calipers; Dial calipers;

Compressed air gun: Compressed air guns;

Cutting die: Metal cutting dies;

Deburring tool: Deburring tools;

Dial indicator or dial gauge: Dial indicators;

Dollies: Dollies;

Drill bit set: Drill bit sets;

Drill press or radial drill: Drill presses;

Ear plugs: Ear plugs;

Forklifts: Forklifts;

Grease guns: Grease guns;

Grinders: Lapping equipment;

Hacksaw: Hacksaws; Power hacksaws;

Hammers: Hammers;

Hand reamer: Reamers;

Hard hats: Hard hats;

Hoists: Chain falls; Hoists;

Hold down clamps: Hold down clamps;

Jacks: Jacks;

Ladders: Ladders;

Levels: Levels;

Lockout devices: Lockout hasps;

Machine guarding: Safety blocks;

Manual press brake: Brakes;

Metal band sawing machine: Bandsaws;

Metal cutters: Metal cutters;

Metal folding machine: Sheet metal folders;

Metal inert gas welding machine: Metal inert gas MIG welders;

Metal polishing machine: Polishing machines;

Micrometers: Micrometers;

Milling machines: Milling machines;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Plumb bobs: Plumb bobs;

Pneumatic hammer: Jackhammers;

Power buffers: Buffing machines;

Power drills: Power drills;

Power grinders: Power grinders; Grinding machines;

Power riveter: Rivet guns;

Power saws: Cutoff saws; Bench saws; Power saws;

Punches or nail sets or drifts: Punches;

Respirators: Respirators;

Rulers: Rulers; Steel rules;

Safety glasses: Safety glasses;

Safety harnesses or belts: Safety belts;

Scaffolding: Scaffolding;

Screwdrivers: Screwdrivers;

Shears: Shears;

Shielded metal arc welding or stick welding machine: Shielded arc welding tools;

Sledge hammer: Sledgehammers;

Slings: Rigging equipment;

Socket sets: Socket wrench sets;

Soldering iron: Soldering guns;

Spot welding machine: Spot-welding equipment;

Straight edges: Straightedges;

Taps: Metal cutting taps;

Threading dies: Pipe threaders;

Tracer or duplicating or contouring lathe: Lathes;

Tungsten inert gas welding machine: Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment;

Vacuum cleaners: Industrial vacuums;

Welding or cutting tip: Welding tips;

Workshop cranes: Workshop cranes;


Data base user interface and query software: Database software;

Enterprise resource planning ERP software: SAP software;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel; Spreadsheet software;

Word processing software: Word processing software; Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for Maintenance Workers, Machinery include:
  • 49-3031.00 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists
  • 51-9193.00 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders
  • 53-7071.00 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators
  • 49-9041.00 Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  • 51-4192.00 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic
  • 49-3043.00 Rail Car Repairers
  • 47-4061.00 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators
  • 49-3092.00 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians
  • 51-7041.00 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood
  • 53-7073.00 Wellhead Pumpers

Sources of Additional Information
  • For information about industrial machinery mechanics and machinery maintenance workers, visit: National Association of Manufacturers
  • Society for Maintenance & Reliability Professionals
  • For information about millwrights and the precision-machined products industry, training, and apprenticeships, visit: Precision Machined Products Association
  • For further information on apprenticeship programs, write to the Apprenticeship Council of your state’s labor department or to local firms that employ machinery mechanics and repairers. Apprenticeship information is also available from the U.S. Department of Labor’s ApprenticeshipUSA program online or by phone at 877-872-5627.
  • Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  • Maintenance Workers, Machinery
  • Millwrights

  • Contact Texas Workforce Commission
    Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
    Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

    ** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.