Occupation Summary

First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers

O*NET 51-1011.00


Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators.

Annual Wages:
Employment Rate:
Employment is expected to increase by 11.72%.
Education Level:
High School Diploma (or GED or High School Equivalence Certificate). According to O*Net, the majority of people employed in this occupation have this level of education.
Business and Industry

  1. Enforce safety and sanitation regulations.
  2. Direct and coordinate the activities of employees engaged in the production or processing of goods, such as inspectors, machine setters, and fabricators.
  3. Read and analyze charts, work orders, production schedules, and other records and reports to determine production requirements and to evaluate current production estimates and outputs.
  4. Confer with other supervisors to coordinate operations and activities within or between departments.
  5. Plan and establish work schedules, assignments, and production sequences to meet production goals.
  6. Inspect materials, products, or equipment to detect defects or malfunctions.
  7. Observe work and monitor gauges, dials, and other indicators to ensure that operators conform to production or processing standards.
  8. Confer with management or subordinates to resolve worker problems, complaints, or grievances.
  9. Interpret specifications, blueprints, job orders, and company policies and procedures for workers.
  10. Maintain operations data, such as time, production, and cost records, and prepare management reports of production results.
  11. Recommend or implement measures to motivate employees and to improve production methods, equipment performance, product quality, or efficiency.
  12. Determine standards, budgets, production goals, and rates, based on company policies, equipment and labor availability, and workloads.
  13. Requisition materials, supplies, equipment parts, or repair services.
  14. Set up and adjust machines and equipment.
  15. Calculate labor and equipment requirements and production specifications, using standard formulas.
  16. Plan and develop new products and production processes.
  17. Conduct employee training in equipment operations or work and safety procedures, or assign employee training to experienced workers.
  18. Keep records of employees' attendance and hours worked.
  19. Recommend or execute personnel actions, such as hirings, evaluations, and promotions.

National Industry Employment Patterns

Industry % of First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers employed Annual Growth Rate
Plastics product manufacturing 4.2 -0.19
Motor vehicle parts manufacturing 3.6 0.48
Grocery stores 2.8 0.55
Architectural and structural metals mfg. 2.5 0.26
Animal slaughtering and processing 2.5 0.00

Labor Market Information

2018 Statewide average hourly wage $33.93
2018 National average hourly wage $30.93
2016 National employment 621,400
2016 Texas employment 47,325
Texas projected employment by 2026 52,873
Texas projected annual employment and Turnover openings through 2026 5,358

* Due to confidentiality rules, not all regions may have the data displayed. The sum of all the regions may not be equal to the state total.

Top 10 Relevant Knowledge Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

Top 10 Relevant Skill Areas Relevant Importance Levels
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others.
Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job.
Judgment and Decision Making
Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

Top 10 Relevant Abilities Relevant Importance Levels
Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
Information Ordering
The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).

  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
    -- Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
    -- Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work
    -- Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
  • Getting Information
    -- Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Scheduling Work and Activities
    -- Scheduling events, programs, and activities, as well as the work of others.
Other Activities

  • Adjust machinery setup
  • Advise department managers in personnel matters
  • Analyze business or organizational operating practices or procedures
  • Analyze business, operational, or management reports
  • Approve changes to business processes
  • Assemble electronic, electrical, or electromechanical equipment
  • Assign work to staff or employees
  • Assist workers to resolve work problems
  • Assure quality control in processes
  • Calibrate business or vending equipment
  • Capture photographs digitally or on film
  • Communicate technical or scientific information
  • Compute product or materials test results
  • Compute production, construction, or installation specifications
  • Conduct meetings with clients and customers
  • Conduct reviews of progress, production, or sales
  • Conduct role-based assessments
  • Conduct staff meetings
  • Confer with departmental heads to coordinate activities
  • Confer with instructors or trainers
  • Confer with users to identify operating procedure problems
  • Configure data center applications and controls
  • Coordinate development of refining processes
  • Coordinate production maintenance activities
  • Coordinate production materials, activities or processes
  • Coordinate social media activities with project stakeholders
  • Demonstrate equipment assembly or use
  • Detect machinery or equipment malfunctions by listening for abnormalities
  • Determine amount or kind of explosive needed to complete job
  • Determine factors affecting production processes
  • Develop employee orientation materials
  • Develop employee training materials
  • Develop instructional materials
  • Develop maintenance schedules
  • Develop project communication strategies
  • Develop supply chain strategies
  • Direct camera operators
  • Direct mining operations
  • Encourage communication with employees, departments, and customers
  • Endorse safety and training programs
  • Ensure equipment is operating to prescribed standards
  • Establish employee performance standards
  • Establish priorities for self or others
  • Establish project closure requirements
  • Establish project teams
  • Estimate materials or labor requirements
  • Estimate production costs
  • Evaluate manufacturing or processing systems
  • Execute procurement contracts
  • Explain rules, policies, laws or regulations
  • Explain work orders, specifications, or techniques to workers
  • Handle infectious materials safely according to procedures
  • Hire workers to fill employment needs
  • Identify relevant safety procedures
  • Implement air quality control measures
  • Implement company or staff policies
  • Inspect objects using x-ray or magnetic methods
  • Inspect work products to verify conformance to quality, specifications, damage, or codes
  • Install electronic equipment, components, or systems
  • Install electronic power, communication, or control equipment or systems
  • Interpret information from blueprints, diagrams, schematics, or technical drawings
  • Issue supplies, materials, or equipment
  • Lay out machining, welding or precision assembly projects
  • Load control media in machine controller
  • Maintain balance sheets
  • Maintain business or financial records, reports, or files
  • Maintain consistent production quality
  • Maintain employee records
  • Maintain file of job openings
  • Maintain inventory of office equipment or furniture
  • Maintain inventory of office supplies or forms
  • Maintain job descriptions
  • Maintain knowledge of new and existing drug products
  • Maintain operational records, reports, or files
  • Maintain production or work records
  • Maintain quality assurance procedures
  • Maintain record of organization expenses
  • Maintain relationships with employees and co-workers
  • Maintain safe work environment
  • Maintain specialized manufacturing or commercial equipment or machinery
  • Manage handling of hazardous, toxic, or non-compliant materials
  • Manage inventories or supplies
  • Manage material resources
  • Manage operational budgets
  • Manage project quality processes
  • Manage project teams
  • Measure items, parcels, materials, and products
  • Measure products or materials
  • Modify work procedures to meet deadlines
  • Monitor assembly quality
  • Monitor drilling operations
  • Monitor equipment or machine operation to detect problems
  • Monitor operating conditions
  • Monitor operation of drilling equipment
  • Monitor operation of mail preparation or handling machines
  • Monitor operations to verify conformance to standards
  • Monitor quantity of assembly output
  • Monitor timing or metering devices to regulate environmental conditions
  • Monitor worker performance
  • Motivate employee behavior and performance
  • Observe production, experimental, or developmental activities
  • Obtain approval for project plans
  • Operate calculating devices
  • Operate computers to enter, calculate, access, and retrieve data
  • Operate industrial or nondestructive testing equipment
  • Operate nuclear power equipment
  • Operate precision test equipment
  • Order supplies, materials, or equipment
  • Organize reference materials
  • Orient new employees
  • Oversee execution of organizational or program policies
  • Oversee testing or construction of prototype
  • Oversee work progress to verify safety or conformance to standards
  • Perform chemical processing emergency procedures
  • Perform chemical testing
  • Perform continuing education to maintain licenses, certifications, qualifications, and knowledge currency
  • Perform preventative maintenance on manufacturing equipment
  • Perform quality assurance testing
  • Perform safety inspection
  • Plan production processes
  • Prepare business, operational, or managerial reports
  • Prepare plant for startup and/or shutdown
  • Prepare post project assessment report
  • Prepare procurement or purchase order documents
  • Prepare quality management plan
  • Prepare technical or scientific reports
  • Process orders for merchandise, supplies, or services
  • Program operation of computerized manufacturing equipment or machinery
  • Project currency futures
  • Read computer equipment operating manuals
  • Read manufacturing outlines for electronic products
  • Read technical, operating, service, or repair manuals or publications
  • Read utilities metering devices
  • Recommend actions to control utility costs
  • Recommend improvements to work methods or procedures
  • Recommend materials for products
  • Record drilling progress or geological data
  • Relay information to supervisor or officials
  • Requisition stock, materials, supplies or equipment
  • Resolve shipping issues
  • Resolve worker or organizational conflicts or grievances
  • Review codes and specifications
  • Review travel rate schedules
  • Review work orders
  • Schedule air or surface pickup, delivery, or distribution of product
  • Schedule employee work hours
  • Schedule facility or property maintenance
  • Schedule meetings, activities, classes, or events
  • Schedule production or work to meet deadlines
  • Select materials, tools, or accessories needed to complete project work
  • Set-up computer numerical control machines
  • Set-up production equipment or machinery
  • Solve machine tool problems
  • Solve production problems
  • Sort manufacturing materials or products
  • Study production records
  • Supervise subordinate personnel or contractors
  • Take responsibility for safety of group
  • Terminate employment of employees or contractors
  • Terminate relationship with clients or vendors
  • Test manufactured products
  • Test materials to verify safety standards or ensure meeting of specifications
  • Test mechanical products or equipment
  • Trace electrical wiring
  • Train others in work-related knowledge or skills
  • Train others in work-related procedures or techniques
  • Train workers in use of equipment or computers
  • Troubleshoot electrical or electronic equipment problems
  • Troubleshoot manufacturing or facility equipment problems
  • Write product performance requirements

  • Independence
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
  • Support
    - Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.


Desktop computers: Desktop computers;

Hard hats: Hard hats;

Hazardous material protective apparel: Personal protective clothing;

Laser printers: Laser printers;

Notebook computers: Notebook computers;

Personal computers: Personal computers;

Respirators: Respirators;

Safety glasses: Safety glasses;

Safety shoes: Safety shoes;

Scanners: Laser scanners;

Touch screen monitors: Operator terminals;


Accounting software: JD Edwards software;

Analytical or scientific software: Minitab software;

Computer aided design CAD software: Autodesk AutoCAD; CAD/CAM;

Computer aided manufacturing CAM software: Computer aided manufacturing CAM software;

Data base user interface and query software: Database software; Microsoft Total Quality Control Management; Microsoft Access; Oracle software;

Electronic mail software: Microsoft Outlook; Email software; IBM Notes;

Enterprise application integration software: Extensible markup language XML;

Enterprise resource planning ERP software: Giraffe Production Systems software; Intacct ERP software; Encompix ERP; Epicor Vantage ERP; Epicor Vista ERP; Exact MAX; Capterra Enterprise Resource Planning; Bowen & Groves M1 ERP; Microsoft Axapta; Made2Manage software; NetSuite NetERP; Resource planning software; Retain Resource Planning; SAP Business One; SAP software; SYSPRO software; Technology Group International Enterprise 21 ERP; Oracle JD Edwards EnterpriseOne;

Human resources software: GHG electronic employee management suite eEMS software;

Internet browser software: Netscape software;

Inventory management software: Inventory management software;

Materials requirements planning logistics and supply chain software: Materials management software; Integrated materials management systems; QA Software QMS Materials Management;

Office suite software: Microsoft Office software;

Presentation software: Microsoft PowerPoint;

Project management software: Microsoft SharePoint software; HCSS HeavyJob; Total quality management TQM software;

Spreadsheet software: Microsoft Excel; Spreadsheet software;

Time accounting software: Kronos Workforce Timekeeper; Work Technology WorkTech Time; Timekeeping software;

Word processing software: Word processing software; Microsoft Word;

Related O*NET occupational titles for First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers include:
  • 53-1011.00 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors
  • 51-9021.00 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders
  • 45-1011.07 First-Line Supervisors of Agricultural Crop and Horticultural Workers
  • 47-1011.00 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers
  • 53-1021.00 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand
  • 45-1011.05 First-Line Supervisors of Logging Workers
  • 49-1011.00 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
  • 53-1031.00 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators
  • 11-3051.00 Industrial Production Managers
  • 17-3029.01 Non-Destructive Testing Specialists

No sources of additional information found.

Contact Texas Workforce Commission
Labor Market and Career Information  |  101 E. 15th Street, Annex Room 0252  |  Austin, Texas 78778
Official Website  |  1-800-822-PLAN (7526)  |  512.936.3200

** The information in this report may be derived from many sources like O*NET, BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics), OOH (Occupational Outlook Handbook), and Career One Stop.